Abstract

The first case of myiasis in the anuran Hypsiboas beckeri Caramaschi and Cruz by Lepidodexia centenaria n. sp. (subgenus Notochaeta) is reported, from the Serra da Pedra Branca, Minas Gerais, in southeastern Brazil. The new species differs from closely related species mainly by the straight apex of the phallus, the ventrally broader vesica, and the shape of the juxta and median and lateral styli. The new species appears to be host-specific to H. beckeri and endemic to high-altitude regions of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, in contrast to the habitat- and host-generalist Lepidodexia (N.) bufonivora.

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