Kurilonema browni n. sp. is described on the basis of specimens found in the lungs of the scincid lizard Sphenomorphus abdictus aquilonius from Aurora Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. The new species differs from Kurilonema markovi, the only previously known species in the genus, by the presence of 2 prominent lateral pseudolabia, larger body size, shorter tail length relative to total body length, and more numerous eggs in the uteri, containing fully developed larvae. The inner surface of the buccal capsule in the new species is densely covered with rounded scales that have not been observed in K. markovi or any other rhabdiasid species. This is the first record of the genus from the Philippines.