Abstract

Three new species of diphyllidean cestodes are described from rhinobatid elasmobranchs of the genus Glaucostegus from the Indian and Pacific Oceans. All 3 new species have 11 apical hooks (6 type-A and 5 type-B hooks) and, therefore, differ in this feature from all but 5 of the 39 valid species of Echinobothrium. In addition, Echinobothrium tetabuanense n. sp. from Glaucostegus cf. typus in the Sulu Sea, Borneo differs from all of its congeners in the number and arrangement of hooklets, number of spines on the cephalic peduncle, and the number and distribution of testes. Echinobothrium sematanense n. sp. from Glaucostegus thouin in the South China Sea, Borneo, can be distinguished from its congeners based on the following combination of characters, i.e., small size (worms less than 1 mm long), number of hooklets, spines per column on the cephalic peduncle, and number of testes. Echinobothrium weipaense n. sp. from northern Australia is unique in the position of the cirrus sac and genital pore, both structures being well posterior and not overlapping the ovary. An emended description of the microthrix pattern on the scolex of Echinobothrium chisholmae from G. typus in Australia is also presented.

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