Toxoplasma gondii is widely distributed in humans and other animals, including wild rats throughout the world, but little is known of the prevalence of T. gondii in rats in China. The seroprevalence of T. gondii in rats ( Rattus norvegicus and Rattus flavipectus ) was investigated in Guangzhou, southern China, between November 2009 and January 2010. In total, 217 rat serum samples were collected; antibodies to T. gondii were detected by the modified agglutination test (MAT), and 7 (3.2%) were found positive (titers ≥1:40). The seroprevalence was higher (3.4%) in R. norvegicus than in R. flavipectus (3.0%), but the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). All 7 positive rats were female; no T. gondii antibodies were detected in males. This is the first extensive survey of T. gondii infection in rats in southern China, and the results have public health implications in this region.
Little is known of the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in bred cynomolgus monkeys ( Macaca fascicularis ) in China. In the present survey, 240 serum samples of cynomolgus monkeys from 4 nonhuman primate centers in Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region (GX), and 120 serum samples from 2 nonhuman primate centers in Guangdong Province (GD) were obtained, and the modified agglutination test (MAT) was performed to assay for anti– T. gondii antibodies. Antibodies to T. gondii (MAT titer of 1∶16 or higher) were found in 0 of 120 (0/120) samples in GD, and 5 (2.1%) of 240 sera with titers of 1∶16 in 1, 1∶64 or higher in 4 in primate centers from GX. The total prevalence of T. gondii in bred cynomolgus monkeys was 1.4% (5/360, MAT titer ≥ 1∶16) in southern China according to our investigation. To our knowledge, this is the first seropositive report in China on the prevalence of anti– T. gondii antibodies in bred cynomolgus monkeys using MAT.