In total, 20 fanrays, Platyrhina sinensis (Rajiformes: Rhinobatidae), collected from the Taiwan Strait, were examined. A new phyllobothriid genus and species (Tetraphyllidea: Phyllobothriidae) was found and described. Biotobothrium platyrhina n. gen., n. sp. is assigned to the Rhinebothriinae Euzet, 1953, because it possesses 4 stalked bothridia that are each divided by septa into numerous small facial loculi but that lack apical suckers. The new genus and species is clearly different from any other in Rhinebothriinae in that each bothridium bears 2 sets of 5 small facial loculi, with 1 set located at each of the distal ends of the bothridium, rather than facial loculi throughout the entire distal surface of the bothridium, as is seen in all other genera in the subfamily. This character has not been previously reported for members of Rhinebothriinae. In addition, the testicular arrangement in the anterior quarter of the proglottid is unique. The posterior range of the vas deferens almost reaches the ovarian bridge, and the morphology of the cirrus sac and several other morphological characters are at variance with presently described species in the subfamily.
Megasolena dongzhaiensis n. sp. was collected from the intestine of Scatophagus argus (Linnaeus) (Perciformes: Scatophagidae) from the Dongzhai Bay (110°32′–37′E, 19°51′–20°1′N), Hainan Province, China. It resembles Megasolena acanthuri Machida and Uchida, 1991 in having larger body size, but it differs from the latter species in having an oral sucker that is larger, instead of smaller, than the acetabulum (sucker length ratio 1:0.456–0.494, and width ratio 1:0.61–0.65 in M. dongzhaiensis n. sp., as opposed to 1:1.3–1.7 in M. acanthuri ). Moreover, the cuticle is spinose rather than aspinose; there is a band of circular muscle in the pharynx, and its eggs are smaller instead of larger (0.062–0.068 × 0.036–0.039 in M. dongzhaiensis n. sp., compared with 0.087–0.103 × 0.058–0.072 in M. acanthuri ). Finally, the intestinal bifurcation is anterior, instead of dorsal, to the acetabulum. It resembles other species of Megasolena Linton, 1910 in having oral sucker larger than the acetabulum, and in having a circular muscle band in the oral sucker and pharynx, but it differs in having a larger body and smaller eggs. This is the first record of a Megasolena species from ray-finned fishes as well as in China.
Coelobothrium gambusiense n. sp. (Bothriocephalidae) was collected and described from the intestine of the freshwater fish Gambusia affinis (Baird and Girard) (Poeciliidae) in Fujian Province, Peoples' Republic of China. It is the first record of Coelobothrium in China. The parasite closely resembles Coelobothrium monodi Dollfus, 1970 , from Capoeta damascina (Valenciennes, Cyprinidae) in Iran and Coelobothrium oitense Kugi and Matsuo, 1990 , from Tribolodon hakonensis (Günther, Cyprinidae) in Japan in general morphological characters, the scolex, and the incomplete proglottids. The third species of Coelobothrium is distinguished from its congeners by its much shorter strobila, presence of a neck, a bilobed ovary instead of a transversely elongated ovary, larger eggs, different final host and locality, and other morphological characters.