A seroepidemiological survey of Neospora caninum infection in dairy cattle was carried out in China's southern Guangdong Province between July 2009 and March 2010. A total of 370 serum samples of dairy cattle was collected from 5 farms and examined for antibodies to N. caninum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The overall seroprevalence of N. caninum in dairy cattle was 18.9% (70/370). The seroprevalence of N. caninum in aborting cows (22.7%) was higher than that in nonaborting cows (16.3%), but the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). Five-yr-old dairy cattle had the highest seroprevalence (27.8%), followed by those that were 6-yr-old (20.4%). Dairy cattle with 4 pregnancies had the highest seroprevalence (29.2%). There was no apparent association of N. caninum seropositivity with age or number of pregnancies ( P > 0.05). The results of the present survey indicated that the infection with N. caninum is prevalent in dairy cattle of all ages in southern China, which may be one of the causes of bovine abortion. This is the first report of seroprevalence of N. caninum in dairy cattle in southern China.
Toxoplasma gondii is widely distributed in humans and other animals, including wild rats throughout the world, but little is known of the prevalence of T. gondii in rats in China. The seroprevalence of T. gondii in rats ( Rattus norvegicus and Rattus flavipectus ) was investigated in Guangzhou, southern China, between November 2009 and January 2010. In total, 217 rat serum samples were collected; antibodies to T. gondii were detected by the modified agglutination test (MAT), and 7 (3.2%) were found positive (titers ≥1:40). The seroprevalence was higher (3.4%) in R. norvegicus than in R. flavipectus (3.0%), but the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). All 7 positive rats were female; no T. gondii antibodies were detected in males. This is the first extensive survey of T. gondii infection in rats in southern China, and the results have public health implications in this region.
Little is known of the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in bred cynomolgus monkeys ( Macaca fascicularis ) in China. In the present survey, 240 serum samples of cynomolgus monkeys from 4 nonhuman primate centers in Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region (GX), and 120 serum samples from 2 nonhuman primate centers in Guangdong Province (GD) were obtained, and the modified agglutination test (MAT) was performed to assay for anti– T. gondii antibodies. Antibodies to T. gondii (MAT titer of 1∶16 or higher) were found in 0 of 120 (0/120) samples in GD, and 5 (2.1%) of 240 sera with titers of 1∶16 in 1, 1∶64 or higher in 4 in primate centers from GX. The total prevalence of T. gondii in bred cynomolgus monkeys was 1.4% (5/360, MAT titer ≥ 1∶16) in southern China according to our investigation. To our knowledge, this is the first seropositive report in China on the prevalence of anti– T. gondii antibodies in bred cynomolgus monkeys using MAT.
The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pigs was examined in China's southern Guangdong Province from March 2008 through May 2009. A total of 1,022 serum samples was collected from 12 administrative cities and assayed for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay test. The seroprevalence ranged from 0 to 58.1% and the average T. gondii antibody-positive prevalence was 27.0% (276/1,022), with breeding boars having the highest level at 39.6% (38/96) followed by breeding sows at 36.9% (52/141). The results of the present survey indicate that T. gondii infection is a significant health problem in pigs and represents a public health concern in southern China.
The frequency of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in stray and household dogs in Guangzhou, China was examined by ELISA on serum samples from 150 animals (36 strays and 114 from households) and the overall prevalence was 21.3%. The extent of infection in stray dogs (33.3%) was significantly higher ( P < 0.05) than in household dogs (17.5%). Infection in male and female dogs of both groups was not significantly different ( P ≥ 0.05), i.e., 31.8% versus 35.7% for male and female in stray dogs, and 14.5% versus 22.2% in household dogs. The results of the present investigation indicate that the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in dogs was high in Guangzhou, especially in strays. Therefore, it is essential to implement integrated strategies to prevent and control T. gondii infection in both stray and household dogs.