The purpose of these guidelines is to assist pharmacists and pharmacy departments in meeting the special needs of pediatric patients in hospitals and health systems. Pharmacists encounter numerous challenges when providing care to pediatric patients, including the limited data available on the safety and efficacy of medications; the lack of appropriate commercially available medication dosage forms and concentrations; weight-based dosing; complex calculations, especially when dilutions are required; and patients' limited capacity to communicate regarding symptoms, responses to therapy, and possible adverse drug events (ADEs).1 In addition, pediatric pharmacy practice is associated with different operational demands and requirements than a practice focused exclusively on adults. Pediatric patients are defined as all children from neonate until adulthood. These guidelines supplement the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) Minimum Standard for Pharmacies in Hospitals and provide additional recommendations specific to providing pediatric pharmacy services.2...

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