We assessed the impact of acid suppression therapy (i.e., ranitidine or proton pump inhibitors) on iron supplementation and its ability to maintain or alter laboratory values that are commonly associated with anemia.
This was a prospective, observational trial. The primary outcome was changes in serum iron levels from baseline. Secondary outcomes were changes in hemoglobin (Hgb) and hematocrit (Hct), transfusions, and maintenance of an alkalotic gastric pH.
Thirty-four patients (mean 24 ± 43 months) met inclusion criteria. The serum iron levels increased to 50.9 ± 24.6 mcg/dL by day 3. The mean difference from baseline was 1.5 mcg/dL (95% CI, 1.14–1.98, p = 0.0056). Gastric pH increased to 4.68 ± 1.49 on day 5. The mean Hgb and Hct increased on day 5 to 10 ± 1.06 g/dL and 29.6% ± 3.27%, respectively. The mean difference of Hgb was 1.15 g/dL (95% CI, 0.51–1.78, p = 0.0009). The mean difference of Hct was 3.04% (95% CI, 1.11–4.97, p = 0.0032).
The use of antacids along with oral ferrous sulfate supplementation did not affect the absorption of iron. Serum iron, Hgb, and Hct all showed statistically significant increases despite combined antacid and iron therapy. Thus, despite use of antacids, combination use showed increases in iron absorption.