OBJECTIVE

Although vancomycin dosage recommendations in the pediatric setting for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection indicate that ≥60 mg/kg/day is correlated to a desired area under the vancomycin concentration time curve from 0 to 24 hours to minimum inhibitory concentration ratio (AUC0–24 hr/MIC) ≥400, for some patients this dosage is inadequate or relates to toxicity. This study purposed to explore vancomycin dosing for pediatrics with various degrees of renal function.

METHODS

Routine monitoring data were retrospectively collected from patients, aged 1 month to 18 years. Population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed by using non-linear mixed-effect model with NONMEM software, and Monte Carlo simulation was conducted by using Crystal Ball software.

RESULTS

Two hundred twelve patients with 348 vancomycin serum concentrations were included. Median age was 3.5 years (IQR, 0.9–10.9), median weight was 14.0 kg (IQR, 7.2–30.4), with baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ranging from 15.5 to 359.3 mL/min/1.73 m2. A 1-compartment model with first-order elimination sufficiently described vancomycin PK. The dosing targeting AUC0–24hr/MIC ≥400 and AUC0–24hr <800 mg•h/L for pediatric patients with eGFRs of 15 to 29, 30 to 59, 60 to 89, 90 to 129, and 130 to 160 mL/min/1.73 m2 was 12.5, 25, 40, 60, and 70 mg/kg/day, respectively. All vancomycin dosing obtained >85% of the cumulative fraction of response across the MIC distribution of MRSA.

CONCLUSIONS

Vancomycin dosing of 12.5, 25, 40, 60, and 70 mg/kg/day is suggested for pediatric patients with eGFRs of 15 to 29, 30 to 59, 60 to 89, 90 to 129, and 130 to 160 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively.

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