Clonidine hydrochloride is an antihypertensive, centrally acting α2 adrenergic agonist with various pediatric indications. For pediatric patients, 20-mcg clonidine hydrochloride capsules can be compounded from commercial tablets or from a pre-compounded titrated powder. These methods should be compared to ensure the best quality for the high-risk patients, and a beyond-use date should be established.
Eight experimental batches were made from commercial tablets and 8 were made from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC)–based titrated powders. Quality controls were performed to determine the best compounding protocol. Stability study was conducted on capsules compounded with the best method.
Of 8 batches manufactured from commercial tablets, 7 were compliant for both clonidine mean content and content uniformity, whereas 7 of 8 batches manufactured from titrated powders were not. A clonidine loss during compounding was evidenced by surface sampling analyses. Clonidine hydrochloride 20-mcg capsules' mean content remained higher than 90% of initial content for 1 year when stored at 25°C with 60% relative humidity and protected from light.
Commercial tablets should be preferred to 1% clonidine hydrochloride and MCC titrated powder made from the active pharmaceutical ingredient. Twenty-microgram clonidine hydrochloride capsules made from commercial tablets are stable for 1 year when stored under managed ambient storage condition.