To evaluate the effect of a pharmacist-led discharge counseling service at a pediatric hospital.
This was a prospective observational cohort study. Patients in the pre-implementation phase were identified by the pharmacist at the time of admission medication reconciliation, whereas patients in the pos-timplementation phase were identified at the time of pharmacist discharge medication counselling. Caregivers were contacted within 2 weeks of the patients' discharge date to complete a 7-question telephone survey. The primary objective was to measure the effect of the pharmacist-led service on caregiver satisfaction, using a pre- and post- implementation telephone survey. The secondary objectives were to evaluate the effect of the service on 90-day medication-related readmissions and determine the change in the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey response (Question 25) regarding discharge medications following implementation of the new service.
A total of 32 caregivers were included in both the pre- and post-implementation groups. The most common reason for inclusion was high-risk medications (84%) in the pre-implementation group and device teaching (62.5%) in the post-implementation group. The primary outcome, the average composite score on the telephone survey, was 30.94 ± 3.50 (average ± SD) in the pre-implementation group and 32.5 ± 2.26 in the post-implementation group (p = 0.038). There were no medication-related readmissions within 90 days in either group. The score on HCAHPS Question 25 was not different between groups (p = 0.761).
Implementation of a pharmacist-led discharge counseling service in pediatric patients improved caregiver satisfaction and understanding as shown by a postdischarge telephone survey.