Wildlife diseases are a major threat for species conservation, and there is a growing need to implement more comprehensive disease response programs to better identify these diseases of concern. During March 2017, we observed moribund and dead eastern newts, Notophthalmus viridescens, in a single pond in middle Tennessee. All moribund individuals were emaciated. We euthanized and processed all individuals immediately on-site and later performed histopathology and quantitative PCR for ranavirus, the protist Perkinsea, and chytrid fungi Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans. One newt was positive for ranavirus. Histopathology showed no evidence of ranavirosis but did reveal overwhelming coccidiosis. Overlapping partial sequences of coccidian 18S subunit DNA showed a 96.4% match with Eimeria steinhausi, suggesting that lesions were due to a previously undescribed Eimeria sp. In 2019, two more moribund newts were encountered at the same pond. Histopathology revealed the same suspicious parasitic organisms, and one individual was positive for B. dendrobatidis. Further research on how seasonal and other environmental parameters may influence coccidia-associated morbidity and mortality is warranted. These events highlight the importance of histopathologic evaluation of mortality events and provide guidance for investigation of future outbreaks.

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