A bacteriological survey was carried out on 30 black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) of which 23 were newly captured and seven were captive. A beta haemolytic Streptococcus, group L was found in skin lesions and various wounds, causing septicaemia and death in two animals. Staphylococcus aureus was found in 3 rhinoceros, and caused the death of one. The bacteria isolated often proved resistant to penicillin. Streptomycin is recommended for treatment. Sixteen other bacteria sp. were isolated, and apart from a Salmonella sp. none were considered to be specific pathogens.

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Author notes


Research undertaken within a project of the Government of Kenya and the United Nations Development Program, with the Food and Agriculture Organization as executing agency.


Present address: State Veterinary Serum Laboratory, Bülowsvej 27, DK-1870 Copenhagen V., Denmark.