In 2007, we assessed whether trapping method influenced apparent prevalence of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (AIV) in wild ducks sampled during Canada’s Inter-agency Wild Bird Influenza Survey. Combined cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs were collected from 514 ducks captured by bait trapping (356) and netting from airboats (158), and tested by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for influenza type A viruses. When controlling for species and capture site, ducks caught in bait traps were 2.6 times more likely to test positive for AIV compared with those netted from airboats (95% CI=1.2–6.0). If bait trapping increases AIV transmission among artificially aggregated ducks, this could have important implications for interpretation of disease surveillance results and waterfowl management programs.

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