This article focuses on a seemingly paradoxical sequel to the 1999 Seattle WTO protests: the weakening of the global justice movement in the United States. While the movement has flourished in Europe, it seems largely to have stagnated in the American context. This outcome cannot be explained by either American exceptionalism or by a general decline in activism in the wake of the tragedies of 9/11 and the Iraq War. First comparing expressions of the American and European global justice movements and then turning to original data on social movement organizing in Seattle after 1999, we argue that the weakness of the American global justice movement can be tied to three key factors: (a) a more repressive atmosphere towards transnational protest; (b) a politically inspired linkage between global terrorism and transnational activism of all kinds; and (c) what we call "social movement spillout." We further argue that the strongest movement since September 11th—the antiwar movement—exemplifies a broader trend in the United States towards the "spillout" of transnational activism into domestic protest.
Spillover or Spillout? The Global Justice Movement in the United States After 9/11
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Jennifer Hadden, Sidney Tarrow; Spillover or Spillout? The Global Justice Movement in the United States After 9/11. Mobilization: An International Quarterly 1 December 2007; 12 (4): 359–376. doi: https://doi.org/10.17813/maiq.12.4.t221742122771400
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