We advance an understanding of the dynamic relationship between social movements, culture, and change by identifying and illustrating cultural revitalization and fabrication as two important cultural change processes. We also suggest that they are linked to and facilitated by the interpretive processes of frame articulation and elaboration. Analytically, cultural revitalizations and fabrications are the processes to be explained, whereas frame articulation and elaboration are the explanatory mechanisms. Both sets of processes and their intersection are empirically illustrated with a variety of case materials drawn from social and religious movements throughout history, ranging from early Christianity to the contemporary white racialist movement.

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