Light activation is an important clinical step for achieving success in restorative procedures. This study evaluated the influence of beam profile from different light emission tip types of multiwave light-emitting diodes (LEDs) on the curing profile of resin-based composites. Experimental composites were produced containing either camphorquinone (CQ) or diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide (TPO) as a photoinitiator. Multiwave LEDs with either a bundle light guide tip (Bluephase G2, Ivoclar Vivadent) or a microlens tip (VALO Cordless, Ultradent) were characterized using a beam profiler. Block-shaped samples (5×5×3 mm depth) of the two composites were cured in a custom-designed mold with the multiwave LEDs positioned to compare the regions exposed to the 420-495 nm (blue) and 380-420 nm (violet) emittances. To map the curing profile, the degree of conversion (DC) of longitudinal thin cross sections from each block was evaluated using transmission FT-NIR. Radiant exposure transmitted through the composites during curing was evaluated at different thicknesses. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey test (α=0.05; β=0.2). The results indicated that there were differences in the beam profile and the overall radiant exposures transmitted through the composites using each multiwave LED (p<0.01, df=1 F=73.18). However, there were no differences in the curing profiles provided by the two multiwave LEDs (p=0.89, df=12 F=0.52), and similar effects were found according to the different LED emittance regions (p=0.09, df=5, F=2.11). When considering up to 1 mm in depth, no differences in the DC were found between the composites containing either photoinitiators. Starting at 2 mm in depth, the composite containing TPO showed a decrease in DC in the 420-495 nm emittance region, while the composite containing CQ showed a similar decrease in cure efficiency only at 3-mm depth under both 380-420 nm and 420-495 nm emittance regions. Thus, despite the fact that the nonuniform light beam emitted from the two multiwave LEDs was visually distinctly different when delivering 24 J/cm2, this difference did not seem to affect the curing profile of the composites. However, light transmission within 380-420 nm seems to be reduced with depth, directly affecting the curing profile of composites containing a photoinitiator with absorbance falling within this emission range.

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