This study provides valuable information about the influence of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment on the microtensile bond strength of glass ionomer cement (GIC) to dentin.
Objectives: To investigate the influence of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment on the microtensile bond strength (mTBS) of glass ionomer cement (GIC) to sound and artificial carious dentin.
Methods: Thirty dentin blocks prepared from 30 noncarious human molars were randomly allocated into either the sound (Gp1) or artificial carious dentin (Gp2) groups. A microbiological method was adopted to create artificial dentin caries lesions in Gp2 specimens. Each dentin block was sectioned into two halves perpendicularly, and each pair of block halves was randomly assigned to two subgroups to receive topical application of SDF (Gp1-SDF, Gp2-SDF) or water as control (Gp1-water, Gp2-water). An encapsulated GIC was bonded to the exposed dentin surfaces 14 days after the SDF/water application. After immersion for 7 days in artificial saliva, the GIC-dentin specimens were sectioned into beams for mTBS testing. Failure mode was examined after the mTBS test.
Results: There was no significant difference in the mean mTBS values between the SDF and control subgroups (Gp1-SDF vs Gp1-water, 10.57±1.6 MPa vs 10.20±1.8 MPa; Gp2-SDF vs Gp2-water, 6.14±2.2 MPa vs 5.97±2.3 MPa; paired t-test, p>0.05). However, the mean mTBS value of the sound dentin group was significantly higher than that of the carious dentin group, irrespective of whether SDF was applied prior to GIC bonding (independent t-test, p<0.001). Proportionally more cohesive failures occurred in the sound dentin groups (Gp1-SDF, 48.4%; Gp1-water, 42.9%) compared with the carious dentin groups (Gp2-SDF, 15.6%; Gp2-water, 9.8%; p<0.05).
Conclusions: SDF treatment had no significant influence on the mTBS of GIC to dentin. Compared with sound dentin, dentin with caries had lower mTBS to GIC.