To explore the ferrule effect on Resin Nano-Ceramic (RNC) premolar endocrown marginal integrity and fracture resistance.


Thirty-six root–canal-treated premolars were cut 2 mm above the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ). They were restored with standardized RNC computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) restorations (Lava Ultimate, 3M Oral Care, St. Paul, MN, USA) and divided into three groups (n=12): endocrowns with a 3-mm endo-core (Group 1), endocrowns with a 3-mm endo-core and a 2-mm ferrule (Group 2), and conventional post-and-core crowns with a 2-mm ferrule (Group 3). All specimens were submitted to thermo-mechanical cycling loading (TMCL) (1.7 Hz, 49 N, 600 000 cycles, 1500 thermocycles). Margins were analyzed before and after the TMCL. In the second part of the experiment, the surviving specimens were submitted to unidirectional monotonic loading until fracture. Fragments were then analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and the fracture mode was established.


Endocrowns of Groups 1 and 2 performed better than conventional crowns (Group 3) in terms of marginal continuity. Differences in fracture load values within all groups were not statistically significant. Most of the specimens fractured in a non-repairable way.


The present test failed to provide evidence of any kind of difference between endocrowns with and without a ferrule in terms of load-bearing capacity and marginal integrity after fatigue. Further studies are needed to confirm the role of the ferrule in adhesive restorations of endodontically treated teeth.

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