Various core materials with different shades affect the final color of high-translucency monolithic zirconia restorations. The blue core shows the greatest color difference in final zirconia restorations followed by metal, A3 dentin-shade resin core, and white core.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the masking ability of high-translucency monolithic zirconia for various core materials. A computer-aided design–computer-aided manufacturing system was used to design a zirconia disc with a diameter of 10 mm and a thickness of 1.0 mm. Four groups of cores (n=15 each) were fabricated with blue-colored dual-cure resin, white-colored dual-cure resin, A3 dentin-shade composite resin, and titanium block with 10-mm diameter and 5-mm thickness.
Dual-cure, self-adhesive resin cement discs with a thickness of 25.0 ± 0.02 μm were fabricated. The color was measured using a handheld spectrophotometer. Color measurements of all specimens were performed on a white background. To assess the masking ability of zirconia, the difference between the values measured with zirconia on a white background and the values measured with zirconia on each of the four types of core material as a background with the cement specimens interposed (zirconia + cement + core) was determined. To enhance the optical connection between the specimens, distilled water was applied between each layer during each measurement.
The results showed that the value of ΔE was highest for the blue core followed by metal, A3 dentin-shade resin core, and white-resin core. No significant differences were observed between the metal core and the A3 dentin-shade resin core or between the A3 dentin-shade resin core and the white core. The blue core had the significantly highest ΔE value based on Tukey's honest significant difference test.
Different core materials affect the final color of high-translucency monolithic zirconia restorations. Thus, our study showed that the final color of high-translucency monolithic zirconia restorations could be affected by the type of core material used.