Objectives: To evaluate the influence of ferrule effect and mechanical fatigue aging on glass-fiber post push-out bond strength (PBS) to root-canal dentin at different root thirds of premolars.
Methods and Materials: Thirty-two sound maxillary premolar teeth were collected, and randomly assigned to two experimental groups (n=16): ‘Remaining Dentin Ferrule’ (RDF) = coronal crown cut 2.0 mm above the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ); ‘Without Dentin Ferrule’ (WDF) = coronal crown cut at the cemento-enamel junction. Teeth were endodontically treated, post spaces were prepared up to 10.0-mm depth from CEJ, and glass-fiber posts were cemented using a dual-cure self-adhesive composite cement. Standardized cores were built using a light-cure composite, upon which tooth cores were prepared using a 1.5-mm taper ogival-end diamond bur. Crowns were handmade using self-cure acrylic resin and cemented using the aforementioned composite cement. Half of the specimens were subjected to 1,200,000 cycles of mechanical fatigue in a chewing simulator (F = ‘Fatigue’), while the other half were stored in distilled water at 37°C for 1 week (C = ‘Control’). All specimens were horizontally sectioned into 1.0-mm thick slices prior to PBS test; the failure modes were assessed using stereomicroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed for each root third using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey HSD post-hoc test; frequency distribution was compared by Chi-square test (α=0.05) and post-hoc comparisons with Bonferroni.
Results: The mean PBS in MPa (SD) were = RDF_F = 10.4 (2.9); WDF_F = 6.9 (1.7); RDF_C = 14.5 (2.7); WDF_C = 14.2 (2.9). Similar PBS were found for the root thirds. For all root thirds, significant differences were found for both the factors Dentin Ferrule and Fatigue, and their interaction (p<0.05). The lowest PBS was found for specimens without dentin ferrule subjected to chewing fatigue (p<0.001). Most failures occurred at the composite cement/dentin interface, followed by mixed and composite cement/glass-fiber post interfacial failures. There was a significant increase in mixed failures for the WDF_F group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Absence of 2.0-mm remaining dentin ferrule in premolars resulted in a higher decrease of the glass-fiber posts’ PBS to dentin after mechanical fatigue, irrespective of root third.