SUMMARY

This study aimed to evaluate the cementation and mechanical behavior of flared root canals restored with CAD/CAM milled glass fiber post-and-core systems. Sixty-six endodontically treated human canines with a flared root canal were divided into three different groups according to the type of post: GPF received prefabricated posts; GREL received relined glass fiber posts, and GMILLED received CAD/CAM milled glass fiber posts. Cementation was performed with self-adhesive resin cement. The samples were submitted to x-ray microcomputed tomography analysis for the analysis of voids and gaps. The roots were sectioned and submitted to the push-out bond strength test. The load-to-fracture was evaluated in post-and-core systems. GMILLED presented lower void and lower gap volumes when compared to GPF and GREL. On the load-to-fracture test, GREL presented statistically significant higher values than GMILLED. GPF values had no statistically significant difference from the two other groups. On the push-out bond strength test, GPF presented statistically significant lower values when compared to GREL and GMILLED. The most common failure pattern was between dentin and cement in all groups. CAD/CAM milled glass fiber post-and-core systems presented an enhanced adaptation of glass fiber posts to flared root canal systems. Their results were comparable to relined posts in bond strength, while load-to-fracture-results for GMILLED were lower than those for GPF.

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