The venting of crowns has been shown to be one of the important factors in achieving the optimal marginal fit that can lead to improved longevity. This case report describes the technique and demonstrates the preparation, laboratory work, seating, and finishing of the vented cast gold crown. This technique can also be used on porcelain fused to metal crowns.
The venting of crowns has been shown to be one of the factors that can improve the fit and reduce the marginal gap of both cast and porcelain crowns.1–4 The venting can be accomplished by utilizing an internal5,6 or external7 vent, also called escape channels. Tjan8 compared the two venting methods and stated that “an internal escape channel, die spacing, or occlusal venting substantially enhances the complete seating of full cast crowns.” Wilson and others9 have described other factors that can affect the complete seating of full crowns, such as the viscosity of the cement used, passivity of fit, and die spacing. The following pictorial case report will show the details of the isolation, preparation, impression, laboratory work, seating, cementing, and finishing of a full cast gold crown utilizing the external venting technique with a cemented pin. Using this technique takes only an extra few minutes but can improve the longevity of any crown, assuming that attention to detail is practiced during each step.
DESCRIPTION OF THE TECHNIQUE
A crown is prepared following the protocol described by Tucker,10 including almost parallel walls, mesial and distal hollow grinds, and a knife-like margin placed with a flame-shaped 860-014. An impression is made using polyvinylsiloxane. The impression is poured using a die stone and a hinge articulator. The die is trimmed, and a silicon crown mold is used to help wax the occlusal surface. A small hole is placed in the wax-up large enough to allow a plastic burnout pin to fit into the hole. The crown along with the plastic pin are cast utilizing a type 2 cast gold with a ringless investment system. The casting is separated from the button, finished, and polished using sandpaper disks and powders. Following complete seating of the casting on the tooth and cessation of the zinc phosphate cement flowing from the vent hole, the pin being held onto a pin seater with an adhesive dot is very carefully placed into the vent hole and tapped in using a gold foil mallet. Sometimes, if necessary, a small depression is made in the crown prep to allow the pin to completely seat into the crown without hitting tooth structure. The excess pin is then removed using a high-speed diamond and disks of the operator's choice. Finally, the casting is polished using sandpaper disks and aluminum oxide powders.
There are only a couple of potential problems with this technique. The laboratory work must be very exact, and paying attention to every detail is extremely important. A second problem could be the handling of the pin. This can be a little difficult since it is so small. The pin seater used in this case with the adhesive dot facilitated the placement of the pin.
SUMMARY OF ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
Advantages: Better marginal fit of crown.
LIST OF MATERIALS USED
Impression material: Aquasil, Dentsply, Milford, DE
Plastic taper pins #700: Wilkerson Company, Post Falls, ID
Emery impression tray: Emery Dental, Salem, OR
Diamonds: Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA
Articulator: WOW, Premier Dental Products, Plymouth Meeting, PA
Dowel pins for articulator: Premier Dental Products
Die stone: Fuji Rock tan, GC America, Alsip, IL
Investment system: Starvest, Emdin International Corporation, Irwindale, CA
Biofit Morphology Occlusal Molds: Jensen Dental Solutions, New Haven, CT
Gold: JRVT, Jensen Industries, New Haven, CT
Leather mallet: James Gourley, DDS, Bainbridge Island, WA
Pin seater: Suter Dental Company, Chico, CA
Medarts seater: Pearson Dental, Sylmar, CA
Adhesive dots: Accudots, Hu Freidy, Chicago, IL
Sandpaper disks: EC Moore Company, Dearborn, MI
Aluminum oxide powders: Universal Photonics, 15- and 1-micron sizes, Hicksville, NY
Conflict of Interest
The authors of this article certify that they have no proprietary, financial, or other personal interest of any nature or kind in any product, service, and/or company that is presented in this article.