With a view to settling native title claims by negotiation rather than litigation, it is common practice in Australia for the Indigenous applicant groups' case to be outlined in writing in a rather brief and concentrated way. This may be called a ‘negotiation report’, or a ‘connection report’, for example, depending on the region. Anthropologists may be asked to contribute to this report, or even to write the whole of it. In it they usually provide a skeletal outline of the nature of the applicants' relationships to the area subject to a determination of native title. This would normally cover the nature of their rights and interests in the country and how those rights and interests are acquired, a history of the applicant group's connection to the relevant country from the establishment of British sovereignty to the present, and exemplars of the kind of evidentiary material that would be expanded if called upon during any later adversarial process, should the latter occur. In this brief paper I offer some suggestions that might be considered by anthropologists who have been engaged to write such reports.

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