We explored the protective effect of corticosteroids on the mortality of mice that received thoracic irradiation. Methylprednisolone, 100 mg/kg/week, given from 11 weeks after γ irradiation of the thorax resulted in an increase in the LD50 (11-26 weeks) from 14.3 ± 0.3 (mean ± SE) Gy to 17.6 ± 0.4 Gy, P < 0.001, a protection factor of 1.2. Withdrawal of steroids at various times during the period of radiation pneumonitis resulted in accelerated mortality in the next 2-4 weeks, so that the cumulative mortality "caught up" with that of control animals by 4 weeks after steroid withdrawal. However, after the end of the usual period of pneumonitis withdrawal of steroids did not result in accelerated mortality, suggesting that the time when steroids are protective corresponds to the duration of pneumonitis. A smaller dose of steroids, 25 mg/kg/week, was found to be as protective as the larger dose used in the above experiments. The possibility that corticosteroids reduce mortality, even when given many weeks after radiation, may have important practical and theoretical implications.
Skip Nav Destination
Research Article| January 01 1988
Protective Effect of Corticosteroids on Radiation Pneumonitis in Mice
Nicholas J. Gross ;
K. Roy Narine ;
Radiat Res (1988) 113 (1): 112–119.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Nicholas J. Gross, K. Roy Narine, Randy Wade; Protective Effect of Corticosteroids on Radiation Pneumonitis in Mice. Radiat Res 1 January 1988; 113 (1): 112–119. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/3577184
Download citation file:
Citing articles via
Commonalities Between COVID-19 and Radiation Injury
Carmen I. Rios, David R. Cassatt, Brynn A. Hollingsworth, Merriline M. Satyamitra, Yeabsera S. Tadesse, Lanyn P. Taliaferro, Thomas A. Winters, Andrea L. DiCarlo
Low-Dose Radiation Therapy (LDRT) for COVID-19: Benefits or Risks?
Pataje G. Prasanna, Gayle E. Woloschak, Andrea L. DiCarlo, Jeffrey C. Buchsbaum, Dörthe Schaue, Arnab Chakravarti, Francis A. Cucinotta, Silvia C. Formenti, Chandan Guha, Dale J. Hu, Mohammad K. Khan, David G. Kirsch, Sunil Krishnan, Wolfgang W. Leitner, Brian Marples, William McBride, Minesh P. Mehta, Shahin Rafii, Elad Sharon, Julie M. Sullivan, Ralph R. Weichselbaum, Mansoor M. Ahmed, Bhadrasain Vikram, C. Norman Coleman, Kathryn D. Held
Germicidal Efficacy and Mammalian Skin Safety of 222-nm UV Light
Manuela Buonanno, Brian Ponnaiya, David Welch, Milda Stanislauskas, Gerhard Randers-Pehrson, Lubomir Smilenov, Franklin D. Lowy, David M. Owens, David J. Brenner
Photon GRID Radiation Therapy: A Physics and Dosimetry White Paper from the Radiosurgery Society (RSS) GRID/LATTICE, Microbeam and FLASH Radiotherapy Working Group
Hualin Zhang, Xiaodong Wu, Xin Zhang, Sha X. Chang, Ali Megooni, Eric D. Donnelly, Mansoor M. Ahmed, Robert J. Griffin, James S. Welsh, Charles B. Simone, II, Nina A. Mayr