Sequential necropsies and histologic evaluations of young adult beagle dogs were performed after irradiation of the thorax. Total doses to the heart were 36, 44, or 52 Gy given in 4-Gy fractions in 4 weeks. One month after irradiation there was little histologic evidence of damage visible by light microscopy. However, ventricular and septal weights were increased, probably due to edema. At 3 months damage to endothelial and mesothelial cells was evident. By 12 months the myocardium was thinned and focal degeneration and loss of muscle cells and Purkinje fibers were observed. There was extensive subendocardial and epicardial fibrosis as well as intimal proliferation in coronary arteries. Morphometric analyses were performed on the myocardium, pericardium, atria, and aorta. There was a slight increase in perivascular connective tissue in the myocardium. The pericardium was increased in thickness and the ratio of smooth muscle to elastin was decreased in the aorta. Severe fibrosis occurred only in the right atrium. At 1 year there was no clinical evidence of heart failure; however, evidence of myocardial damage was present histologically and functionally. Additional stress and continued aging are likely to enhance the damage and lead to serious complications. The interactions of irradiated lung and heart require further investigation.
Skip Nav Destination
Research Article| January 01 1988
Radiation-Induced Cardiomyopathy in the Dog
Sharon L. McChesney ;
Edward L. Gillette ;
Radiat Res (1988) 113 (1): 120–132.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Sharon L. McChesney, Edward L. Gillette, Barbara E. Powers; Radiation-Induced Cardiomyopathy in the Dog. Radiat Res 1 January 1988; 113 (1): 120–132. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/3577185
Download citation file:
Citing articles via
Commonalities Between COVID-19 and Radiation Injury
Carmen I. Rios, David R. Cassatt, Brynn A. Hollingsworth, Merriline M. Satyamitra, Yeabsera S. Tadesse, Lanyn P. Taliaferro, Thomas A. Winters, Andrea L. DiCarlo
Low-Dose Radiation Therapy (LDRT) for COVID-19: Benefits or Risks?
Pataje G. Prasanna, Gayle E. Woloschak, Andrea L. DiCarlo, Jeffrey C. Buchsbaum, Dörthe Schaue, Arnab Chakravarti, Francis A. Cucinotta, Silvia C. Formenti, Chandan Guha, Dale J. Hu, Mohammad K. Khan, David G. Kirsch, Sunil Krishnan, Wolfgang W. Leitner, Brian Marples, William McBride, Minesh P. Mehta, Shahin Rafii, Elad Sharon, Julie M. Sullivan, Ralph R. Weichselbaum, Mansoor M. Ahmed, Bhadrasain Vikram, C. Norman Coleman, Kathryn D. Held
Germicidal Efficacy and Mammalian Skin Safety of 222-nm UV Light
Manuela Buonanno, Brian Ponnaiya, David Welch, Milda Stanislauskas, Gerhard Randers-Pehrson, Lubomir Smilenov, Franklin D. Lowy, David M. Owens, David J. Brenner
Photon GRID Radiation Therapy: A Physics and Dosimetry White Paper from the Radiosurgery Society (RSS) GRID/LATTICE, Microbeam and FLASH Radiotherapy Working Group
Hualin Zhang, Xiaodong Wu, Xin Zhang, Sha X. Chang, Ali Megooni, Eric D. Donnelly, Mansoor M. Ahmed, Robert J. Griffin, James S. Welsh, Charles B. Simone, II, Nina A. Mayr