Considerable attention has been paid to the modification of intratumor pH in response to hyperthermia. It has been hypothesized that observed reductions in intralesional pH are involved in the ultimate response of tissue to hyperthermia treatment. Further, it has been shown that significant differences exist in hyperthermia-induced changes in blood flow between tumor and normal tissue in many systems. Changes in blood flow are hypothesized to be related to observed changes in pH. Since reduced blood flow is not observed in normal tissue under normal treatment conditions, changes in pH in normal tissue have not been considered significant in their response to hyperthermia treatment. However, this conclusion has not been verified or documented experimentally. The purpose of this study was to examine the distribution of pH in normal tissue (muscle) as a function of time following hyperthermia treatments which in the same animal system resulted in subcurative (${\rm TCD}_{10/30}$) or curative (${\rm TCD}_{90/30}$) tumor (mammary adenocarcinoma) responses. The observed distribution of pH in normal tissue was compared with that obtained in tumors under identical conditions. The results indicate that some post-treatment changes in muscle pH do occur following hyperthermia, but that these changes are small compared to those observed in tumors. More importantly, unlike the response observed in tumors, no hyperthermia dose dependency is observed in the muscle response. From these studies it can be concluded that changes in normal muscle pH are probably not associated with normal tissue response to hyperthermia.

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