Young adult beagle dogs received a single injection of 38.1 kBq/kg body wt226 Ra and were serially sacrificed at 4 to 2955 days postinjection. Samples of sites of trabecular bone in the lumbar vertebral body, proximal ulna, and distal femoral metaphysis and epiphysis were analyzed autoradiographically. The time-dependent changes in the average226 Ra concentrations in the four regions were analyzed in terms of a compartmental model. The clearance rate from the lumbar vertebral body was about four times more rapid than for the proximal ulna and distal femoral epiphysis. Ratios of hotspot to diffuse label concentrations varied from about 10 to 23. The dose rate to the endosteum ranged between 8.7 and 39.5 mGy/day initially and 4 and 10.5 mGy/day toward the end of the observation period. Mean marrow dose rates were lower by a factor of 3 to 9.5. During their residence time the nuclei of bone lining cells receive a maximum dose of 8 Gy in the proximal ulna (2955 days after injection) and a minimum dose of 0.63 Gy in the lumbar vertebra (2955 days after injection). This corresponds on the average to 17 and 1.4 α-particle hits to the cell nuclei, respectively.

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