Griffin, G. D., Williams, M. W. and Gailey, P. C. Cellular Communication in Clone 9 Cells Exposed to Magnetic Fields.
Magnetic-field exposure (45 Hz Ba.c. over a flux density range of 7.7 to 49.9 μT r.m.s. with parallel Bd.c. of 36.6 μT) has been reported by Blackman and coworkers to inhibit gap junction intercellular communication in Clone 9 cells treated with chloral hydrate for 24 h prior to field exposure in accord with predictions of the ion parametric resonance model. The study reported here is an attempt to reproduce this effect. Baseline experiments showed that growth in culture and state of confluence at time of addition of chloral hydrate were comparable in both laboratories. PMA inhibited cell–cell communication in a dose-dependent manner, similar to the results of Blackman and coworkers, whereas cells in the present study were somewhat more sensitive to chloral hydrate than reported by Blackman and coworkers. A total of 38 exposure experiments were undertaken using a 45 Hz magnetic field with a flux density of 23.8 μT r.m.s., in parallel with a 36.6-μT static magnetic field for 40 to 45 min, after pretreatment with 2.5 mM chloral hydrate for 24 h. In 14 unblinded experiments, a small but statistically significant effect of magnetic-field exposure was observed, but due to the subjective nature of the assay, it was deemed essential to carry out blinded experiments. The remaining 24 experiments were blinded. In 15 blinded experiments, cells purchased from the American Type Culture Collection and grown only in this laboratory were used, while in 9 experiments, the cells had originally been grown in Blackman's laboratory and were subsequently sent to this laboratory. There was no statistically significant effect of magnetic-field exposure on gap junction intercellular communication in these blinded experiments using either cell line.