Yasuda, H., Badhwar, G. D., Komiyama, T. and Fujitaka, K. Effective Dose Equivalent on the Ninth Shuttle–Mir Mission (STS-91).
Organ and tissue doses and effective dose equivalent were measured using a life-size human phantom on the ninth Shuttle–Mir Mission (STS-91, June 1998), a 9.8-day spaceflight at low-Earth orbit (about 400 km in altitude and 51.65° in inclination). The doses were measured at 59 positions using a combination of thermoluminescent dosimeters of Mg2SiO4:Tb (TDMS) and plastic nuclear track detectors (PNTD). In correcting the change in efficiency of the TDMS, it was assumed that reduction of efficiency is attributed predominantly to HZE particles with energy greater than 100 MeV nucleon–1. A conservative calibration curve was chosen for determining LET from the PNTD track-formation sensitivities. The organ and tissue absorbed doses during the mission ranged from 1.7 to 2.7 mGy and varied by a factor of 1.6. The dose equivalent ranged from 3.4 to 5.2 mSv and varied by a factor of 1.5 on the basis of the dependence of Q on LET in the 1990 recommendations of the ICRP. The effective quality factor (Qe) varied from 1.7 to 2.4. The dose equivalents for several radiation-sensitive organs, such as the stomach, lung, gonad and breast, were not significantly different from the skin dose equivalent (Hskin). The effective dose equivalent was evaluated as 4.1 mSv, which was about 90% of the Hskin.