Never in the human history have we experienced mass exposures to radiation like those from the atomic bombs detonated over the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. The lesson was well learned, and no such tragedy has happened since then. The people who survived the bombs, however, are still telling us another story: the health effects of radiation in humans.

The Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF), the binational institution supported jointly by the U.S. and Japan, has been conducting follow-up studies on the survivors for the past 57 years since its predecessor, the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, started its operation in 1947. The subjects of the RERF studies consist of a population with a wide range of dose estimates, mortality and cancer rates, lifestyle risk factors, and availability of biological specimens. The high levels of expertise seen in the research for over 50 years match...

You do not currently have access to this content.