Radiation epidemiology seeks to describe and quantify the risk of health effects, often cancer, in populations exposed to ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. To do so, it is important to estimate organ or tissue doses for large numbers of exposed individuals with a moderate to high degree of certainty. Unlike dosimetry for establishing compliance with regulations, which relies on doses estimated for representative, maximally exposed, or highest-risk persons, dosimetry for analytical epidemiological studies usually requires developing new dosimetric models or tailoring existing ones to reach a higher level of individualization. The majority of radiation epidemiological studies conducted to date have required the reconstruction of dose to individuals or study populations that were exposed many years ago. This presents a major challenge to researchers, because measurements often are not available or do not exist in forms that are directly usable for calculating radiation doses on an individual basis....

You do not currently have access to this content.