Kennedy, A. R., Zhou, Z., Donahue, J. J. and Ware, J. H. Protection against Adverse Biological Effects Induced by Space Radiation by the Bowman-Birk Inhibitor and Antioxidants. Radiat. Res. 166, 327–332 (2006).
This study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effects of the soybean-derived Bowman-Birk inhibitor (BBI), BBI concentrate (BBIC) and/or antioxidants against the adverse biological effects induced by space radiation in cultured human epithelial cells. The effects of BBI, BBIC and a combination of ascorbic acid, co-enzyme Q10, l-selenomethionine (SeM) and vitamin E succinate on proton and HZE-particle [high-energy (high E) nuclei of heavier (high atomic number, Z) elements] radiation-induced cytotoxicity in MCF10 human breast epithelial cells and a phenotypic change associated with transformation in HTori-3 human thyroid epithelial cells were assessed with a clonogenic survival assay and a soft agar colony formation assay. The results demonstrate that BBIC and antioxidants are effective in protecting against space radiation-induced cytotoxicity in MCF10 cells and BBI, BBIC and antioxidants are effective in protecting against a space radiation-induced phenotypic change associated with transformation of HTori-3 cells.