Antoccia, A., Sakamoto, S., Matsuura, S., Tauchi, H. and Komatsu, K., NBS1 Prevents Chromatid-Type Aberrations through ATM-Dependent Interactions with SMC1. Radiat. Res. 170, 345–352 (2008).

Nijmegen breakage syndrome shares several common cellular features with ataxia telangiectasia, including chromosomal instability and aberrant S- and G2-phase checkpoint regulation. We show here that after irradiation, NBS1 interacts physically with both BRCA1 and SMC1, a component of the cohesin complex, and that their interactions are completely abolished in AT cells. It is noted that BRCA1 is required for the interaction of NBS1 with SMC1, whereas the reverse is not the case, since BRCA1 is able to bind to NBS1 in the absence of an NBS1/SMC1 interaction as observed in MRE11- or RAD50-deficient cells. This indicates that ATM and BRCA1 are upstream of the NBS1/SMC1 interaction. Furthermore, the interaction of NBS1 with SMC1 requires both conserved domains of NBS in the N-terminus and the C-terminus, since they are indispensable for binding of NBS1 to BRCA1 and to MRE11/ATM, respectively. The interaction of NBS1 with SMC1 and the resulting phosphorylation are compromised in the clones lacking either the N- or C-terminus of NBS1, and as a consequence, chromatid-type aberrations are enhanced after irradiation. Our results reveal that ATM plays a fundamental role in promoting the radiation-induced interaction of NBS1 with SMC1 in the presence of BRCA1, leading to the maintenance of chromosomal integrity.

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