Liane B. Russell, a ground-breaking investigator who was the first to describe deleterious teratogenic effects of radiation exposure on specific stages of mammalian embryo development, and also that the Y chromosome determines maleness in mammals, passed away at the age of 95 years young on July 20, 2019 in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Born Liane Brauch on August 27, 1923 in Vienna, Austria, she lived there until 1938, when she and her immediate family left all their belongings behind to flee from the Nazi occupation. They moved to London, then eventually settled in the United States in 1941. Five years later she became a naturalized U.S. citizen.

Liane Brauch received an A.B. degree with a major in Chemistry and a minor in Biology from Hunter College in New York in 1945. Her scientific career began as a...

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