Numerous studies have shown that exosomes play important roles in tumor biology development. However, the function of exosomal protein in cancer progression under different oxygen condition after irradiation is poorly understood. In this study, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 cells were γ-ray irradiated under normoxic or hypoxic conditions, then the exosomes released from the irradiated cells were collected and co-cultured with nonirradiated A549 cells or human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). It was found that the exosomes significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of A549 cells as well as the proliferation and angiogenesis of HUVECs. Moreover, the exosomes released from hypoxic cells and/or irradiated cells had more powerful driving force in tumor progression compared to that generated from normoxia cells. Meanwhile, the proteins contained in the exosomes derived from A549 cells under different conditions were detected using tandem mass tag (TMT), and their expression profiles were analyzed. It was found that the exosome-derived protein of angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) contributed to the migration of A549 cells as well as the angiogenesis of HUVECs, suggesting its potential as an effective diagnostic biomarker of metastasis and even a therapeutic target of lung cancer.
Effects of Hypoxia and Radiation-Induced Exosomes on Migration of Lung Cancer Cells and Angiogenesis of Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
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Fang Mo, Yanwu Xu, Junling Zhang, Lin Zhu, Chen Wang, Xiaofei Chu, Yan Pan, Yang Bai, Chunlin Shao, Jianghong Zhang; Effects of Hypoxia and Radiation-Induced Exosomes on Migration of Lung Cancer Cells and Angiogenesis of Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells. Radiat Res 8 July 2020; 194 (1): 71–80. doi: https://doi.org/10.1667/RR15555.1
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