The U.S. Government is committed to maintaining a robust research program that supports a portfolio of scientific experts who are investigating the biological effects of radiation exposure. On August 17 and 18, 2023, the Radiation and Nuclear Countermeasures Program, within the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (NIH), partnered with the National Cancer Institute, NIH, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the Radiation Injury Treatment Network to convene a workshop titled, Advanced Technologies in Radiation Research (ATRR), which focused on the use of advanced technologies under development or in current use to accelerate radiation research. This meeting report provides a comprehensive overview of the research presented at the workshop, which included an assembly of subject matter experts from government, industry, and academia. Topics discussed during the workshop included assessments of acute and delayed effects of radiation exposure using modalities such as clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) – based gene editing, tissue chips, advanced computing, artificial intelligence, and immersive imaging techniques. These approaches are being applied to develop products to diagnose and treat radiation injury to the bone marrow, skin, lung, and gastrointestinal tract, among other tissues. The overarching goal of the workshop was to provide an opportunity for the radiation research community to come together to assess the technological landscape through sharing of data, methodologies, and challenges, followed by a guided discussion with all participants. Ultimately, the organizers hope that the radiation research community will benefit from the workshop and seek solutions to scientific questions that remain unaddressed. Understanding existing research gaps and harnessing new or re-imagined tools and methods will allow for the design of studies to advance medical products along the critical path to U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval.

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