On the basis of earlier tissue distribution data, obtained in mice and rats, we proposed that the tissue distribution of intravenously injected S-2-[3-aminopropylamino]-ethyl-phosphorothioic acid (WR-2721) was more closely correlated with the injected dose per unit surface area than it was with the injected dose per unit body weight. To test this proposal, we have compared the tissue distribution of35 S-labeled WR-2721 at 15 and 30 min after intravenous injection in mice, rats, rabbits, and dogs. The results of this study demonstrate that the tissue distribution is not a strict function of either the body weight or the surface area, but rather falls intermediate to the predictions of these parameters. By extrapolation, this observation would predict that a dose of 20 mg of WR-2721 per kilogram of body weight would provide humans with the same amount of protection that 100 mg/kg provides the mouse, i.e., a 50-80% increase in radiation resistance.

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