Vermeulen, C., Bertocci, B., Begg, A. C. and Vens, C. Ionizing Radiation Sensitivity of DNA Polymerase Lambda-Deficient Cells. Radiat. Res. 168, 683–688 (2007). Ionizing radiation induces a diverse spectrum of DNA lesions, including strand breaks and oxidized bases. In mammalian cells, ionizing radiation-induced lesions are targets of non-homologous end joining, homologous recombination, and base excision repair. In vitro assays show a potential involvement of DNA polymerase lambda in non-homologous end joining and base excision repair. In this study, we investigated whether DNA polymerase lambda played a significant role in determining ionizing radiation sensitivity. Despite increased sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide, lambda-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts displayed equal survival after exposure to ionizing radiation compared to their wild-type counterparts. In addition, we found increased sensitivity to the topoisomerase inhibitors camptothecin and etoposide in the absence of polymerase lambda. These results do not reveal a major role for DNA polymerase lambda in determining radiosensitivity in vivo.