Sequelae after pediatric cranial radiotherapy (CRT) result in long-term changes in brain structure. While past evidence indicates regional differences in brain volume change, it remains unclear how these manifest in the time course of change after CRT. In this study, we spatiotemporally characterized volume losses induced by cranial irradiation in a mouse model, with a dense sampling of measurements over the first week postirradiation. Wild-type mice received whole-brain irradiation (7 Gy) or sham irradiation (0 Gy) at 16 days of age. In vivo magnetic resonance imaging was performed at one time point before, and 2–4 time points postirradiation in each mouse, with a particular focus on sampling during the first week after cranial irradiation. Volume changes across the brain were measured, and the degree and timing of volume loss were quantified across structures from a predefined atlas. Volume measurements across the brain after cranial irradiation revealed a ∼2-day delay in which volume is not significantly altered, after which time volume change proceeds over the course of four days. Volume losses were 3% larger and emerged 40% slower in white matter than in gray matter. Large volume loss was also observed in the ventricles. Differences in the timing and magnitude of volume change between gray and white matter after cranial irradiation were observed. These results suggest differences in the mechanism and/or kinetics underlying the associated radio-response, which may have implications in development.