The Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus) is one of the most easily observed North American raptors during migration, yet little is known about its distribution during the nonbreeding season. To better understand the winter distribution of Broad-winged Hawks by age, we compiled 2164 Broad-winged Hawk sightings with age data and 25,797 sightings without age data reported to eBird during the nonbreeding period from 2000–2020. The mean latitude of adult birds was significantly farther south than the mean latitude of immatures, with broad overlap in the distribution of both age classes from the United States through South America. The distribution of birds that were not aged overlapped the distribution of both age classes. A higher proportion of immatures was observed in the United States through Central America, with a mean latitude of 15.69°N, whereas adults were concentrated in Central and South America (with a mean latitude of 9.93°N). When only birds wintering south of the United States were analyzed, immatures were still found farther north than adults, although the latitude difference was less. The winter age class distribution for Broad-winged Hawks could result from short-stopping behavior occurring more often in immatures than adults. Further research is needed to understand how geographic, sex, and age class groups may differ in winter distributions and the implications of these patterns. Citizen science data from eBird proved useful in examining broad-scale patterns in Broad-winged Hawk winter distribution and is a valuable resource to scientists evaluating avian distributions.

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