Summarizing, the following important conclusions may be drawn from these experiments on a typical unaccelerated soft gum compound. 1. The existence of the inversion point in the stress-temperature curves is shown to be due solely to ordinary volume thermal expansion, and may be eliminated by correcting for this thermal expansion. 2. The curves given in Figure 8a show that, for compounds of this type, the change of entropy with elongation accounts for more than 90 per cent of the total stress at room temperature, while the internal-energy contribution is less than 10 per cent and, to a first approximation, may be neglected. In other words, the retractive force is due almost entirely to the tendency of the extended rubber molecules to return to a less ordered curled-up state. This is in direct contrast to the elasticity exhibited by ordinary bodies, in which case elasticity is due to intermolecular forces. 3. The contribution of the entropy force to the total force is well represented by the theoretical expression of James and Guth. This agreement constitutes our main reason for interpreting the entropy force as being due to the kinetic motion of the rubber molecules.

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