(i) The coefficients of friction (⁠ƒI and ƒnI) of rubber tires on dry non-dusty surfaces are practically independent of the load on the wheel, and (with pneumatics) of the inflation pressure; on muddy surfaces the coefficients (especially ƒnI tend to decrease with increasing load. (ii) Dust, mud, or water reduces the friction with rubber tires, but not with iron tires. (iii) The tread pattern reduces the friction on dry surfaces, but increases it on muddy surfaces. (iv) There is no systematic difference between pneumatic, semi-pneumatic (cushion) and solid tires as regarda coefficient of friction; the details of individual design and material are the deciding factors; this is in agreement with the results of Bredtscheiner (Verkehrstechnik, 1922; see Schaar, “Die Beanspruchung der Strassen durch die Kraftfahrzeuge,” Zementverlag, 1925). (v) There is no simple relationship between the coefficient of friction and the compressibility or area of contact of the tire. (vi) The static friction perpendicular to the direction of travel is greater than in this direction. (vii) The coefficient of friction depends on the type of road surface, its de-formability, and especially on the presence or absence of dust, mud, or water. (viii) Rubber tires have a much higher coefficient of friction than iron tires, especially on dry hard surfaces. (ix) The static friction is 10 to 20 per cent higher than the dynamic friction.

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