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The NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (TSC Act) is unique and effective in Australian jurisdictions in recognising threatened populations. Section 11 of the TSC Act provides for the listing of endangered populations. There were 28 endangered populations listed under the TSC Act (January 2003) for which there were two approved recovery plans, one publicly exhibited draft plan and four plans in preparation. Monitoring was being undertaken for only six populations. The TSC Act would be strengthened by: (i) adding an objective which states that recognising threatened entities is fundamental to the legislation; (ii) changing the definition of population to make it consistent with IUCN terminology; (iii) simplifying Section 11; (iv) better resourcing for faster preparation of plans and their implementation; and (v) including population monitoring in all recovery plans. The process of saving threatened species is occurring at the level of population; for example, through priority sites for threat abatement, translocation, replicates for research treatments and habitat protection. The objective of recognising and the process of listing threatened populations are fundamental to sound threatened species legislation.

Baker, J. 1997. The decline, response to fire, status and management of the Eastern Bristlebird. Pacific Conservation Biology 3: 235-43.
Bramwell, M. 1997 Action Statement - Eastern Bristlebird (Draft). Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria.
Burgman, M. 2004. Unacknowledged uncertainty in threatened species lists. Pp 20-29, in Threatened Species Legislation: is it just an Act? edited by P. Hutchings, D. Lunney and C. Dickman. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Clarke, R. and Bramwell, M. 1998. The eastern bristlebird Dasyornis brachypterus in East Gippsland, Victoria. Australian Bird Watcher 17: 245-53.
Flannery, T. F. 1994 The Future Eaters. Reed Books, Port Melbourne, Victoria.
Gould, S. J. 1991 Bully for Brontosaurus. Penguin Books, London.
Holmes, G. 1989 Eastern bristlebird: species management plan for northern populations (draft). Consultant's report to QLD NPWS & NSW NPWS.
Holmes, G. 1997 Conservation status of eastern bristlebird in south-east Queensland and north-east New South Wales. Consultant's report to Queensland Dept of Environment.
Hastings, A. and Harrison, S. 1994. Metapopulation dynamics and genetics. Annual Review of Genetics and Systematics 25: 167-88.
IUCN 2001 IUCN Red List Categories: Version 3.1. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland.
Krebs, C. J. 1994 Ecology (4th ed.). HarperCollins College, New York.
Lamoreux, J., Akcakaya, H. R., Bennun, L., Collar, N. J., Boitani, L., Brackett, D., Brautigam, A., Brooks, T. M., da Fonseca, G. A. B., Mittermeier, R. A., Rylands, A. B., Gardenfors, U., Hilton-Taylor, C., Mace, G., Stein, B. A. and Stuart, S. 2003. Value of the IUCN Red List. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18: 214-5.
Levins, R. 1970. Extinction Lectures in Mathematics in Life Sciences 2: 75-107.
Leys, A. 2004. Feral pests as key threatening process. Pp 102-106 in Threatened Species Legislation: is it just an Act? edited by P. Hutchings, D. Lunney and C. Dickman. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
NPWS, 1998 Zieria prostrata Recovery Plan. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney.
NPWS, 2001 Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
NPWS, 2002. Bertya sp. Cobar-Coolabah Recovery Plan. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
NPWS, 2003a Saving our threatened native plants and animals. Recovery and threat abatement in action. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
NPWS, 2003b Draft Recovery Plan for the Eastern Bristlebird (Dasyornis brachypterus). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Queanbeyan, in preparation.
Possingham, H. P., Andelman, S. J., Burgman, M. A., Medellin, R. A., Master, L. L. and Keith, D. A. 2002. Limits to the use of threatened species lists. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 503-7.
Recher, H. F., Lunney, D. and Dunn, I. (Eds). 1986 A Natural Legacy. Ecology in Australia. (2nd ed.). Pergamon Press, Rushcutters Bay, NSW.
Suzuki, D. 1990 Inventing the Future. Allen and Unwin, North Sydney, NSW.
Thackway, R. and Cresswell, I. D. (Eds). 1995 An Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia: a Framework for Establishing the National System of Reserves, Version 4.0. Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra.
Toelken, H. R. 2000. Notes on Hibbertia (Dilleniaceae) 3. Hibbertia sericea and associated species. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 19: 1-54.
Wilson, E. O. 2001 The Diversity of Life (2nd ed.). Penguin Books, London.
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References

Baker, J. 1997. The decline, response to fire, status and management of the Eastern Bristlebird. Pacific Conservation Biology 3: 235-43.
Bramwell, M. 1997 Action Statement - Eastern Bristlebird (Draft). Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Victoria.
Burgman, M. 2004. Unacknowledged uncertainty in threatened species lists. Pp 20-29, in Threatened Species Legislation: is it just an Act? edited by P. Hutchings, D. Lunney and C. Dickman. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Clarke, R. and Bramwell, M. 1998. The eastern bristlebird Dasyornis brachypterus in East Gippsland, Victoria. Australian Bird Watcher 17: 245-53.
Flannery, T. F. 1994 The Future Eaters. Reed Books, Port Melbourne, Victoria.
Gould, S. J. 1991 Bully for Brontosaurus. Penguin Books, London.
Holmes, G. 1989 Eastern bristlebird: species management plan for northern populations (draft). Consultant's report to QLD NPWS & NSW NPWS.
Holmes, G. 1997 Conservation status of eastern bristlebird in south-east Queensland and north-east New South Wales. Consultant's report to Queensland Dept of Environment.
Hastings, A. and Harrison, S. 1994. Metapopulation dynamics and genetics. Annual Review of Genetics and Systematics 25: 167-88.
IUCN 2001 IUCN Red List Categories: Version 3.1. International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Gland.
Krebs, C. J. 1994 Ecology (4th ed.). HarperCollins College, New York.
Lamoreux, J., Akcakaya, H. R., Bennun, L., Collar, N. J., Boitani, L., Brackett, D., Brautigam, A., Brooks, T. M., da Fonseca, G. A. B., Mittermeier, R. A., Rylands, A. B., Gardenfors, U., Hilton-Taylor, C., Mace, G., Stein, B. A. and Stuart, S. 2003. Value of the IUCN Red List. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18: 214-5.
Levins, R. 1970. Extinction Lectures in Mathematics in Life Sciences 2: 75-107.
Leys, A. 2004. Feral pests as key threatening process. Pp 102-106 in Threatened Species Legislation: is it just an Act? edited by P. Hutchings, D. Lunney and C. Dickman. Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
NPWS, 1998 Zieria prostrata Recovery Plan. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Sydney.
NPWS, 2001 Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
NPWS, 2002. Bertya sp. Cobar-Coolabah Recovery Plan. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
NPWS, 2003a Saving our threatened native plants and animals. Recovery and threat abatement in action. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hurstville.
NPWS, 2003b Draft Recovery Plan for the Eastern Bristlebird (Dasyornis brachypterus). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Queanbeyan, in preparation.
Possingham, H. P., Andelman, S. J., Burgman, M. A., Medellin, R. A., Master, L. L. and Keith, D. A. 2002. Limits to the use of threatened species lists. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 503-7.
Recher, H. F., Lunney, D. and Dunn, I. (Eds). 1986 A Natural Legacy. Ecology in Australia. (2nd ed.). Pergamon Press, Rushcutters Bay, NSW.
Suzuki, D. 1990 Inventing the Future. Allen and Unwin, North Sydney, NSW.
Thackway, R. and Cresswell, I. D. (Eds). 1995 An Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia: a Framework for Establishing the National System of Reserves, Version 4.0. Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra.
Toelken, H. R. 2000. Notes on Hibbertia (Dilleniaceae) 3. Hibbertia sericea and associated species. Journal of the Adelaide Botanic Gardens 19: 1-54.
Wilson, E. O. 2001 The Diversity of Life (2nd ed.). Penguin Books, London.
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