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In Australia, invasive terrestrial pest species have been implicated in the decline of a number of threatened species. Under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995, pest threats can be listed as Key Threatening Processes which require the preparation of Threat Abatement Plans to ameliorate the threats. This paper presents an overview of how the threat abatement planning process is being used to plan initiatives to reduce the biodiversity impacts of invasive species. The approach taken in four threat abatement plans (foxes Vulpes vulpes, feral cats Felis catus, bitou bush Chrysanthemoides monilifera and gambusia Gambusia holbrooki) is used to illustrate this process.

Braysher M. 1993 Managing Vertebrate Pests: Principles and Strategies. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Braysher M. and Saunders 2003 PESTPLAN. A Guide to Setting Priorities and Developing a Management Plan for Pest Animals. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
DEC 2004a Controlling Animal Pests in NSW National Parks. NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, Hurstville.
DEC 2004a Draft Threat Abatement Plan for Invasion of Native Plant Communities by Bitou Bush/Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera). NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, Hurstville.
Dickman, C. R. 1996 Overview of the Impacts of Feral Cats on Australian Native Fauna. Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra.
Downey, P. O. and Leys A. R. 2004. Weeds as key threatening processes: Implications for managing environmental weeds. Papers and Proceedings of the 14th Australian Weeds Conference, Wagga Wagga. Eds B. M. Sindel and S. Johnson, pp. 454-57. (R. G. and F. J. Richardson, Melbourne).
English, A. W. and Chapple, R. S. 2002 A Report on the Management of Feral Animals by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. Report to the NSW Minister for the Environment, July 2002.
Fisher, P., Marks, C. and Johnston, M. 2001. New techniques for feral cat management: Biological, chemical or fertility control? Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Vertebrate Pest Conference, Melbourne. pp. 150-55. (Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Melbourne).
Fleming, P. and Harden, R. 2003 Guidelines for Preparing a Working Plan to Manage Wild Dogs. NSW Agriculture, Orange.
Grice, A. C., Field, A. R. and McFadyen, R. E. C. 2004. Quantifying the effects of weeds on biodiversity: Beyond Blind Freddie's test. Papers and Proceedings of the 14th Australian Weeds Conference, Wagga Wagga. Eds B. M. Sindel and S. Johnson, pp. 464-68. (R. G. and F. J. Richardson, Melbourne).
Groves, R. H., Hosking, J. R., Batianoff, G. N., Cooke, D. A., Cowie, I. D., Johnson, R. W., Keighery, G. J., Lepschi, B. J., Mitchell, A. A., Moerkerk, M, Randall, R. P., Rozefelds, A. C., Walsh, N. G. and Waterhouse B. M. 2003 Weed Categories for Natural and Agricultural Ecosystem Management. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
IUCN (The World Conservation Union) 2000 IUCN Guidelines for the Prevention of Biodiversity Loss Caused by Alien Invasive Species. Website: http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/pubs/policy/invasivesEng.htn (Species Survival Commission, Invasive Species Specialist Group, IUCN, Switzerland).
Martin, P. 2003 Killing us softly - Australia's Green Stalkers: A Call to Action on Invasive Plants, and a Way Forward. CRC for Australian Weed Management, Adelaide.
McLeod, R. 2004 Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia. Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra.
New South Wales Legislative Council General Purpose Standing Committee No. 5. 2002 Feral Animals. Legislative Council Parliamentary Paper No. 158. New South Wales Parliament, Sydney.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. 2001 Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Hurstville.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. 2003 Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by Gambusia holbrooki - The Plague Minnow. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Hurstville.
Roush, R. 2002. CEO's Report. In: Annual Report 2001-2002, Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management. Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management, Adelaide. pp. 3-4.
Thomas, J. and Leys, A. 2002. Strategic management of bitou bush ( Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. rotundata). In: Spafford Jacob, H. Dodd, J. and Moore, J. H. (eds) 13th Australian Weeds Conference: Papers and Proceedings, 8-13 September 2002, Perth. Shannon Books, Melbourne.
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References

Braysher M. 1993 Managing Vertebrate Pests: Principles and Strategies. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Braysher M. and Saunders 2003 PESTPLAN. A Guide to Setting Priorities and Developing a Management Plan for Pest Animals. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
DEC 2004a Controlling Animal Pests in NSW National Parks. NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, Hurstville.
DEC 2004a Draft Threat Abatement Plan for Invasion of Native Plant Communities by Bitou Bush/Boneseed (Chrysanthemoides monilifera). NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, Hurstville.
Dickman, C. R. 1996 Overview of the Impacts of Feral Cats on Australian Native Fauna. Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra.
Downey, P. O. and Leys A. R. 2004. Weeds as key threatening processes: Implications for managing environmental weeds. Papers and Proceedings of the 14th Australian Weeds Conference, Wagga Wagga. Eds B. M. Sindel and S. Johnson, pp. 454-57. (R. G. and F. J. Richardson, Melbourne).
English, A. W. and Chapple, R. S. 2002 A Report on the Management of Feral Animals by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. Report to the NSW Minister for the Environment, July 2002.
Fisher, P., Marks, C. and Johnston, M. 2001. New techniques for feral cat management: Biological, chemical or fertility control? Proceedings of the 12th Australasian Vertebrate Pest Conference, Melbourne. pp. 150-55. (Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Melbourne).
Fleming, P. and Harden, R. 2003 Guidelines for Preparing a Working Plan to Manage Wild Dogs. NSW Agriculture, Orange.
Grice, A. C., Field, A. R. and McFadyen, R. E. C. 2004. Quantifying the effects of weeds on biodiversity: Beyond Blind Freddie's test. Papers and Proceedings of the 14th Australian Weeds Conference, Wagga Wagga. Eds B. M. Sindel and S. Johnson, pp. 464-68. (R. G. and F. J. Richardson, Melbourne).
Groves, R. H., Hosking, J. R., Batianoff, G. N., Cooke, D. A., Cowie, I. D., Johnson, R. W., Keighery, G. J., Lepschi, B. J., Mitchell, A. A., Moerkerk, M, Randall, R. P., Rozefelds, A. C., Walsh, N. G. and Waterhouse B. M. 2003 Weed Categories for Natural and Agricultural Ecosystem Management. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
IUCN (The World Conservation Union) 2000 IUCN Guidelines for the Prevention of Biodiversity Loss Caused by Alien Invasive Species. Website: http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/pubs/policy/invasivesEng.htn (Species Survival Commission, Invasive Species Specialist Group, IUCN, Switzerland).
Martin, P. 2003 Killing us softly - Australia's Green Stalkers: A Call to Action on Invasive Plants, and a Way Forward. CRC for Australian Weed Management, Adelaide.
McLeod, R. 2004 Counting the Cost: Impact of Invasive Animals in Australia. Cooperative Research Centre for Pest Animal Control, Canberra.
New South Wales Legislative Council General Purpose Standing Committee No. 5. 2002 Feral Animals. Legislative Council Parliamentary Paper No. 158. New South Wales Parliament, Sydney.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. 2001 Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by the Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes). NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Hurstville.
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. 2003 Threat Abatement Plan for Predation by Gambusia holbrooki - The Plague Minnow. NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Hurstville.
Roush, R. 2002. CEO's Report. In: Annual Report 2001-2002, Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management. Cooperative Research Centre for Australian Weed Management, Adelaide. pp. 3-4.
Thomas, J. and Leys, A. 2002. Strategic management of bitou bush ( Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. rotundata). In: Spafford Jacob, H. Dodd, J. and Moore, J. H. (eds) 13th Australian Weeds Conference: Papers and Proceedings, 8-13 September 2002, Perth. Shannon Books, Melbourne.
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