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The management of wild-living dogs, including dingoes, in New South Wales is affected by legislation, land tenure and corporate policies of various government agencies. On land managed by State Forests, it is recognised that there is a need to develop control programs for pest populations of wild dogs while simultaneously protecting important dingo genetic stock and providing for the continued ecological role of dingoes across the landscape. Innovative and strategic approaches are needed to create management outcomes with regards to pest management. State Forests of NSW has developed a system for preparing ‘Feral and Introduced Predator Control Plans’ that aims to balance ecological sustainability with legal compliance and social expectations. This strategic approach towards vertebrate pest management relies on a scientific direction, achievable performance measures and collaboration with adjoining land owners and regulatory agencies.

Adams, C. C. 1925. The relation of wildlife to the public in National and State parks. Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin 2: 371-401.
Adams, C. C. 1926. The economic and social importance of animals in forestry with special reference to wildlife. Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin 3: 509-676.
Allen, L. and Gonzalez, T. 1998. Baiting reduces dingo numbers, changes age structure yet often increases calf losses. In Proceedings of the 11th Australian Vertebrate Pest Conference, Bunbury, WA. Pp 421-428
Belcher, C. A. 1998. Susceptibility of the tiger quoll Dasyurus maculatus, and the eastern quoll, D. viverrinus, to 1080-poisoned baits in control programs for vertebrate pests in eastern Australia. Wildlife Research 25: 33-40.
Braysher, M. 1993 Managing Vertebrate Pests: Principles and Strategies. Bureau of Resource Science: Canberra
Broadbent, S. 1999. Winter Study, Yellowstone Wolves. National Park Service Report. Yellowstone Nationals Park, Wyoming, USA.
Burbidge, A. A. and McKenzie, N. L. 1989. Patterns in modern decline of Western Australia's vertebrate fauna: causes and conservation implications. Biological Conservation 50: 143-198.
Caughley, G., Grigg, G. C., Caughley, J. and Hill, G. J. E. (1980). Does dingo predation control the density of kangaroos and emus? Australian Wildlife Research 7: 1-12.
Corbett, L. 1995 The Dingo in Australia and Asia. Australian Natural History Series.
Corbett, L. K. 1998. Dingo. In The Mammals of Australia ed. R. Strahan. New Holland Publishers: Carlton. Pp. 696-8
Corbett, L. 2000. The conservation status of dingoes Canis lupus dingo in Australia, with particular reference to New South Wales: threats to pure dingoes and potential solutions. Pp. …-. in A Symposium on the Dingo ed by C. R. Dickman and Daniel Lunney. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Courchamp, F., Langlais, M. and Sugihara, G. 1999. Cats protecting birds: modelling the mesopredator release effect. Journal of Animal Ecology 68: 282-292.
Dexter, N. and Meek, P. D. 1998. An analysis of bait-take and non-target impacts during a fox control exercise. Australian Wildlife Research 25: 147-156.
Dickman, C. R. 1996 Overview of the impacts of feral cats on Australian native fauna. Australian Nature Conservation Agency: Canberra.
Durie, P. H. and Riek, R. F. 1952. The role of dingo and wallaby in the infestation of cattle with hydatids Echinococcus granulosis in Queensland. Australian Veterinary Journal 28: 249-254.
Estes, J. A. 1996. Predators and ecosystem management. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24: 390-396.
Fleming, P. J. S. 1997. Uptake of baits by red foxes Vulpes vulpes: implications for rabies contingency planning in Australia. Wildlife Research 24: 334-358.
Fleming, P. J. S. and Korn, T. J. 1989. Predation of livestock by wild dogs in eastern New South Wales. Australian Rangelands Journal 11: 61-66.
Fleming, P. J. S., Thompson, J. A. and Nicol, H. I. 1996 Indices for measuring the efficacy of aerial baiting for wild dog control in NE NSW. Wildlife Research 23: 665-74
Friend, J. A. 1990. The numbat Myrmecobius fasciatus: history of decline and potential for recovery. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 16: 369-377.
Frith, H. J. 1973 Wildlife Conservation. Angus and Robinson: Sydney.
Huxel, G. R. 1999. Rapid displacement of native species by invasive species: effects of hybridisation. Biological Conservation 98: 143-152.
King, D. R. 1989. An assessment of the hazard posed to Northern Quolls Dasyurus hallucatus by aerial baiting with 1080 to control dingoes. Australian Wildlife Research 16: 569-574.
Kinnear, J. E., Onus, M. L. and Bromilow, R. N. 1988. Fox control and rock wallaby population dynamics. Australian Wildlife Research 15: 435-450.
Krebs, J. R. and Davies, N. B. 1978 Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Sinauer Assoc., Inc. Sutherland, Massachusetts.
Lidicker, W. Z. 1975. The role of dispersal in the demography of small mammals. In Small Mammals: their Productivity and Population Dynamics, eds. F. B. Golley et al. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Pp 103-128
McIlroy, J. C. 1986. The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. IX. Comparisons between the major groups of animals, and the potential danger non-target species face from 1080-poisoning campaigns. Australian Wildlife Research 13: 39-48.
McKnight, T. L. 1976 Friendly Vermin: a survey of feral livestock in Australia. University of California Press: Berkeley.
Meek P. D. and Triggs, B. 1998. Extension to the range of the Eastern Chestnut Mouse Pseudomys gracilicaudatus to Jervis Bay, NSW. Australian Journal of Mammalogy 20: 223-225.
Meek, P. D. 1998 The biology of the European red fox and the free roaming dog on Bherwerre Peninsula, Jervis Bay. Unpublished MSc Thesis, Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra.
Meek, P. D. and Kirwood, R. A. (in prep). Conservation kernels: a method for determining predator control landscapes. Submitted to Ecological Restoration and Management.
Murray, A. 1998. Tigers and 1080. A Report to the Natural Heritage Working Group of the Australian Alps Liaison Committee. Department of Natural Resources and Environment: Victoria Project No. 3.6.
Murray, A. J., Belcher, C. A., Poore, R. N. and Darrant, J. 2000 The ability of Spotted-tailed quolls to locate and consume meat baits deployed during a simulated aerial baiting program. East Gippsland Flora and Fauna Group Report No. 9, prepared for the Australian Alps Liaison Committee and the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Pp1-22.
Newsome, A. E. 2000. Biology and ecology of the dingo. Pp. …-. in A Symposium on the Dingo ed by C. R. Dickman and Daniel Lunney. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Pople, A. R., Grigg, G. C., Cairns, S. C., Beard, L. A. and Alexander, P. 2000. Trends in numbers of red kangaroos and emus on either side of the South Australian dingo fence: evidence for predator regulation? Wildlife Research 27: 269-276.
Priddel, D. 1989. Conservation of rare fauna: the regent parrot and the malleefowl. In Mediterranean Landscapes in Australia-Mallee ecosystems and their management. Eds J. C. Noble and R. A. Bradstock. CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.
Reynolds, J. C. and Tapper, S. C. 1996. Control of mammalian predators in game management and conservation. Mammal Review 26: 127-156.
Rolls, E. C. 1969 They All Ran Wild. Angus and Robertson: Sydney.
Sargeant, A. B., Greenwood, R. J., Sovada, M. A. and Shaffer, T. L. 1994. Distribution and abundance of predators that affect duck production-Prairepothole Region. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Report 194.
Saunders, G. 1999 Wildlife and Exotic Disease Preparedness in Australia-Rabies. Wildlife and Exotic Disease Preparedness Program, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry: Canberra, Australia.
Saunders, G., Coman, B. J., Kinnear, J. and Braysher, M. 1995 Managing Vertebrate Pests: Foxes. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.
Soule, M. E., Bolger, D. T., Alberts, A. C., Wright, J, Sorice, M. and Hill, S. 1988. Reconstructed dynamics of rapid extinctions of chaparral-requiring birds in urban habitat islands. Conservation Biology 2: 75-92.
Thompson, J. A. and Fleming, P. J. S. 1994. Evaluation of the efficacy of 1080 poisoning on red foxes using visitation to non-toxic baits as an index of fox abundance. Wildlife Research 21: 27-39.
Thomson, P. C., Marlow, N. J., Rose, K. and Kok, N. E. 2000. The effectiveness of a large scale baiting campaign and an evaluation of a buffer zone strategy for fox control. Wildlife Research 27: 457-464.
Woodall, P. F., Pavlov, P. and Twyford, K. L. 1996. Dingoes in Queensland, Australia: skull dimensions and the identity of wild canids. Wildlife Research 23: 581-587.
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References

Adams, C. C. 1925. The relation of wildlife to the public in National and State parks. Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin 2: 371-401.
Adams, C. C. 1926. The economic and social importance of animals in forestry with special reference to wildlife. Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin 3: 509-676.
Allen, L. and Gonzalez, T. 1998. Baiting reduces dingo numbers, changes age structure yet often increases calf losses. In Proceedings of the 11th Australian Vertebrate Pest Conference, Bunbury, WA. Pp 421-428
Belcher, C. A. 1998. Susceptibility of the tiger quoll Dasyurus maculatus, and the eastern quoll, D. viverrinus, to 1080-poisoned baits in control programs for vertebrate pests in eastern Australia. Wildlife Research 25: 33-40.
Braysher, M. 1993 Managing Vertebrate Pests: Principles and Strategies. Bureau of Resource Science: Canberra
Broadbent, S. 1999. Winter Study, Yellowstone Wolves. National Park Service Report. Yellowstone Nationals Park, Wyoming, USA.
Burbidge, A. A. and McKenzie, N. L. 1989. Patterns in modern decline of Western Australia's vertebrate fauna: causes and conservation implications. Biological Conservation 50: 143-198.
Caughley, G., Grigg, G. C., Caughley, J. and Hill, G. J. E. (1980). Does dingo predation control the density of kangaroos and emus? Australian Wildlife Research 7: 1-12.
Corbett, L. 1995 The Dingo in Australia and Asia. Australian Natural History Series.
Corbett, L. K. 1998. Dingo. In The Mammals of Australia ed. R. Strahan. New Holland Publishers: Carlton. Pp. 696-8
Corbett, L. 2000. The conservation status of dingoes Canis lupus dingo in Australia, with particular reference to New South Wales: threats to pure dingoes and potential solutions. Pp. …-. in A Symposium on the Dingo ed by C. R. Dickman and Daniel Lunney. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Courchamp, F., Langlais, M. and Sugihara, G. 1999. Cats protecting birds: modelling the mesopredator release effect. Journal of Animal Ecology 68: 282-292.
Dexter, N. and Meek, P. D. 1998. An analysis of bait-take and non-target impacts during a fox control exercise. Australian Wildlife Research 25: 147-156.
Dickman, C. R. 1996 Overview of the impacts of feral cats on Australian native fauna. Australian Nature Conservation Agency: Canberra.
Durie, P. H. and Riek, R. F. 1952. The role of dingo and wallaby in the infestation of cattle with hydatids Echinococcus granulosis in Queensland. Australian Veterinary Journal 28: 249-254.
Estes, J. A. 1996. Predators and ecosystem management. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24: 390-396.
Fleming, P. J. S. 1997. Uptake of baits by red foxes Vulpes vulpes: implications for rabies contingency planning in Australia. Wildlife Research 24: 334-358.
Fleming, P. J. S. and Korn, T. J. 1989. Predation of livestock by wild dogs in eastern New South Wales. Australian Rangelands Journal 11: 61-66.
Fleming, P. J. S., Thompson, J. A. and Nicol, H. I. 1996 Indices for measuring the efficacy of aerial baiting for wild dog control in NE NSW. Wildlife Research 23: 665-74
Friend, J. A. 1990. The numbat Myrmecobius fasciatus: history of decline and potential for recovery. Proceedings of the Ecological Society of Australia 16: 369-377.
Frith, H. J. 1973 Wildlife Conservation. Angus and Robinson: Sydney.
Huxel, G. R. 1999. Rapid displacement of native species by invasive species: effects of hybridisation. Biological Conservation 98: 143-152.
King, D. R. 1989. An assessment of the hazard posed to Northern Quolls Dasyurus hallucatus by aerial baiting with 1080 to control dingoes. Australian Wildlife Research 16: 569-574.
Kinnear, J. E., Onus, M. L. and Bromilow, R. N. 1988. Fox control and rock wallaby population dynamics. Australian Wildlife Research 15: 435-450.
Krebs, J. R. and Davies, N. B. 1978 Behavioural Ecology: An Evolutionary Approach. Sinauer Assoc., Inc. Sutherland, Massachusetts.
Lidicker, W. Z. 1975. The role of dispersal in the demography of small mammals. In Small Mammals: their Productivity and Population Dynamics, eds. F. B. Golley et al. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge. Pp 103-128
McIlroy, J. C. 1986. The sensitivity of Australian animals to 1080 poison. IX. Comparisons between the major groups of animals, and the potential danger non-target species face from 1080-poisoning campaigns. Australian Wildlife Research 13: 39-48.
McKnight, T. L. 1976 Friendly Vermin: a survey of feral livestock in Australia. University of California Press: Berkeley.
Meek P. D. and Triggs, B. 1998. Extension to the range of the Eastern Chestnut Mouse Pseudomys gracilicaudatus to Jervis Bay, NSW. Australian Journal of Mammalogy 20: 223-225.
Meek, P. D. 1998 The biology of the European red fox and the free roaming dog on Bherwerre Peninsula, Jervis Bay. Unpublished MSc Thesis, Applied Ecology Research Group, University of Canberra.
Meek, P. D. and Kirwood, R. A. (in prep). Conservation kernels: a method for determining predator control landscapes. Submitted to Ecological Restoration and Management.
Murray, A. 1998. Tigers and 1080. A Report to the Natural Heritage Working Group of the Australian Alps Liaison Committee. Department of Natural Resources and Environment: Victoria Project No. 3.6.
Murray, A. J., Belcher, C. A., Poore, R. N. and Darrant, J. 2000 The ability of Spotted-tailed quolls to locate and consume meat baits deployed during a simulated aerial baiting program. East Gippsland Flora and Fauna Group Report No. 9, prepared for the Australian Alps Liaison Committee and the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service, Pp1-22.
Newsome, A. E. 2000. Biology and ecology of the dingo. Pp. …-. in A Symposium on the Dingo ed by C. R. Dickman and Daniel Lunney. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman, NSW.
Pople, A. R., Grigg, G. C., Cairns, S. C., Beard, L. A. and Alexander, P. 2000. Trends in numbers of red kangaroos and emus on either side of the South Australian dingo fence: evidence for predator regulation? Wildlife Research 27: 269-276.
Priddel, D. 1989. Conservation of rare fauna: the regent parrot and the malleefowl. In Mediterranean Landscapes in Australia-Mallee ecosystems and their management. Eds J. C. Noble and R. A. Bradstock. CSIRO Australia, Melbourne.
Reynolds, J. C. and Tapper, S. C. 1996. Control of mammalian predators in game management and conservation. Mammal Review 26: 127-156.
Rolls, E. C. 1969 They All Ran Wild. Angus and Robertson: Sydney.
Sargeant, A. B., Greenwood, R. J., Sovada, M. A. and Shaffer, T. L. 1994. Distribution and abundance of predators that affect duck production-Prairepothole Region. United States Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Report 194.
Saunders, G. 1999 Wildlife and Exotic Disease Preparedness in Australia-Rabies. Wildlife and Exotic Disease Preparedness Program, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry: Canberra, Australia.
Saunders, G., Coman, B. J., Kinnear, J. and Braysher, M. 1995 Managing Vertebrate Pests: Foxes. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.
Soule, M. E., Bolger, D. T., Alberts, A. C., Wright, J, Sorice, M. and Hill, S. 1988. Reconstructed dynamics of rapid extinctions of chaparral-requiring birds in urban habitat islands. Conservation Biology 2: 75-92.
Thompson, J. A. and Fleming, P. J. S. 1994. Evaluation of the efficacy of 1080 poisoning on red foxes using visitation to non-toxic baits as an index of fox abundance. Wildlife Research 21: 27-39.
Thomson, P. C., Marlow, N. J., Rose, K. and Kok, N. E. 2000. The effectiveness of a large scale baiting campaign and an evaluation of a buffer zone strategy for fox control. Wildlife Research 27: 457-464.
Woodall, P. F., Pavlov, P. and Twyford, K. L. 1996. Dingoes in Queensland, Australia: skull dimensions and the identity of wild canids. Wildlife Research 23: 581-587.
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