Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Conservation of the Australian biota and rural and regional communities is at a critical crossroads and our generation is at the wheel. Three to five billion dollars in land degradation is accumulating every year, more species are going extinct here than on any other continent in the world and rural Australia is struggling with deepening cultural/economic crises about long-term viability. The perspective from deep time suggests that our current limited range of strategies for solving these crises, including reliance on the effectiveness of protected areas, will ultimately fail—sometimes catastrophically. Environmental and economic necessity urges us to consider all potential strategies that could turn this around, whether or not they fly in the face of conservative or minority group prejudices. Sustainable use of native wildlife, in urban as well as rural Australia, has the potential to increase the capacity for long-term effective conservation of the biota and rural and regional Australia, as it now does in other areas of the world such as southern Africa and as it once did in Australia when Indigenous people managed this continent. It may well offend animal rights advocates and environmental conservatives to suggest that valued wildlife could be the only alternative to no wildlife, but if that is the choice then there is no choice. The time has come to stand up to irrational views if they put at risk the long-term future of the natural and cultural things we value. Long-term conservation of the biota and rural and regional Australia requires that we trial new and potentially more effective ways of putting people and environments back together for the mutual benefit of both. This document overviews imperatives for change, potential if challenging initiatives that could assist traditional efforts and suggestions about how they might be translated into action.

Allen, L., Hynes, R., Thompson, J., 1995. Is commercial harvesting compatible with effective control of pest animals and is this use sustainable? Pp. 259-266 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Anon., 1994. Cats and wildlife. Pamphlet of the Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage.
Anon., 1996 Australia: state of the environment: an independent report presented to the Commonwealth Minister for the Environment by the State of the Environment Advisory Council / Australia. Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories. CSIRO, Canberra.
Anon., 1997a Sustainable economic use of native Australian birds and reptiles: can controlled trade improve conservation of species? Summary of a report of the same name for the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation by ACIL Economics Pty Ltd in Conjunction with Agriculture Western Australia. RIRDC Research Paper Series No. 97/26.
Anon., 1997b. Exploiting our native fauna - culling, harvesting, farming? Australian Biologist 10: 23-30.
Anon., 1998a A full repairing lease: inquiry into ecologically sustainable land management. Report No. 60. Industry Commission, Canberra.
Anon., 1998b Policy for sustainable agriculture in New South Wales / NSW Government, NSW Agriculture. State Government of New South Wales, Sydney.
Anon., 1991. Ecological sustainable development working groups; final report—Agriculture. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Anon., 2000a IUCN Policy Statement on Sustainable Use of Wild Living Resources. Adopted IUCN's 2nd session by the World Conservation Congress, Amman, Jordan.
Anon., 2000b Summary statistics from the Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database ed M. A. Hardy. Environment Australia, Canberra.
Archer, M., 1974. Some aspects of reproductive behaviour and the male erectile organs of Dasyurus geoffroii and D. hallucatus (Dasyuridae: Marsupialia). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 17: 63-67.
Archer, M., 1995. Pin pricks & verdant vistas. Australian Natural History Autumn: 80.
Archer, M., Clayton, G. (eds), 1984 Vertebrate zoogeography and evolution in Australasia. Hesperian Press, Perth.
Archer, M., Arena, R., Bassarova, M., Black, K., Brammall, J., Cooke, B. N., Crosby, K., Godthelp, H., Gott, M., Hand, S. J., Kear, B., Krikmann, A., Mackness, B., Muirhead, J., Musser, A., Myers, T. J., Pledge, N., Wang, Y., Wroe, S. 1999. The evolutionary history and diversity of Australia's mammals. Australian Mammalogy 21: 1-45.
Archer, M., Burnley, I., Dodson, J., Harding, R, Head, L.,& Murphy, A., 1998. From Plesiosaurs to People: 100 Million years of Australian Environmental History. State of the Environment Australia. Technical Paper Series. Environment Australia, Canberra.
Archer, M., Hand, S. J., Godthelp, H., 1992. Back to the future: the contribution of palaeontology to the conservation of Australian forest faunas. Pp. 67-80 in ‘Conservation of Australia's forest fauna’ ed. D. Lunney. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Archer, M., Hand, S. J., Godthelp, H., 1994a. Patterns in the history of Australia's mammals and inferences about palaeohabitats. Pp. 80-103 in ‘History of the Australian vegetation’ ed. R. Hill. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
Archer, M., Hand, S. J., Godthelp, H., 1994b Riversleigh: the story of animals in ancient rainforests of inland Australia. 2nd Edition. Reed Books, Sydney.
Archer, M., Hand, S. J., Godthelp, H., 1995. Tertiary environmental and biotic change in Australia. Pp. 77-90 in ‘a Paleoclimate and evolution, with emphasis on human origins’ ed. E. Vrba, G. H. Denton, T. C. Partridge, L. H. Burckle. Yale University Press, New Haven.
Archer, M., Hand, S. J., Godthelp, H., 1997. Unrolling the prehistoric scrolls of prophecy—roos and rocks rule. Landcare Australia Yearbook 1997, 12-15.
Archer, M., Hand, S. J., Godthelp, H., 1999. The power of palaeontology, a new tool for conservation. Pp. 233-244 in ‘Australia's lost world: prehistoric animals of Riversleigh’. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
Armstrong, J. A., Abbott, I., 1995. Sustainable conservation—a practical approach to conserving biodiversity in Western Australia. Pp. 21-28 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Asafu-Adjaye, J., 1995. Recreational hunting and wildlife conservation. Pp. 288-295 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Bailey, C., 2001 Tiger tales: stories of the Tasmanian Tiger. HarperCollins, Sydney.
Basile, A., 2001. Hard truths about dogs, cats…hamsters and mice. The Veterinarian October 2001: 16.
Beale, B., Fray, P., 1990 The vanishing continent: Australia's degraded environment. Hodder & Stoughton, Sydney.
Beale, R., 1999. Wanted urgently: rational parks. The Bulletin April 27: 53-56.
Beattie, A., Ehrlich, P. R., 2001 Wild solutions: how biodiversity is money in the bank. Melbourne University Press: Melbourne.
Bindon, P., 1996 Useful bush plants. Western Australian Museum, Perth.
Bomford, M., Caughley, J. (eds), 1996. Sustainable Use of Wildlife by Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islanders. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Australian Government Printing Services: Canberra.
Braithwaite, R. W., Muller, W. J., 1997. Rainfall, groundwater and refuges: predicting extinctions of Australian tropical mammal species. Australian Journal of Ecology 22: 57-67.
Brechin, S. R., Wilshusen, P. R., Fortwangler, C. L., West, P. C., 2001. Beyond the square wheel: toward a more comprehensive understanding of biodiversity conservation as social and political process. Society and Natural Resources (in press;
Brody, H., 2001 The other side of Eden: hunter-gatherers, farmers and the shaping of the world. Faber and Faber: London.
Brunckhorst, D., 2000 Bioregional planning: resource management beyond the new millenium. Harwood Academic Publishers, Sydney.
Brunckhorst, D., Bridgewater, P., Parker, P., 1997. The UNESCO Biosphere Reserve program comes of age: learning by doing, landscape models for sustainable conservation and resource use. Pp. 176-182 in ‘Conservation outside reserves’ ed. P. Hale, D. Lamb. University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.
Bruneteau, J. P., 1996 Tukka: real Australian food. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Cadwallader, P. L., Lawrence, B. W., 1994. Rehabilitation of native fish stocks in the Murray-Darling River System. Pp. 81-84 in ‘Reintroduction biology of Australian and New Zeland Fauna’ ed. M. Serena. Surrey Beatty & Sons, Chipping Norton.
Cherikoff, V., Isaacs, J., 1991 The bush food handbook: how to gather, grow, process and cook Australian wild foods. Ti Tree Press, Balmain.
Child, B., 1994. Using Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE Programme to assess the value of IUCN's proposed Guidelines for the Ecological Sustainability of Nonconsumptive and Consumptive Uses of Wild Species. Paper delivered to Workshop 3 at the 19th Session of the IUCN General Assembly, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Choquenot, D., Caughley, J., McLeod, S., 1998. Scientific, economic and social issues of the commercial use of wild animals in Australia. Pp 73-77. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Canberra.
Choquenot, D., O'Brien, P., Hone, J., 1995. Commercial use of pests: can it contribute to conservation objectives? Pp. 251-258 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Coop, P., Brunckhorst, D., 1999. Triumph of the Commons: age-old participatory practices provide lessons for institutional reform in the rural sector. Australian Journal of Environmental Management 6: 69-77.
Cribb, A. B., Cribb, J. W., 1981 Wild medicine in Australia. Fontana, Sydney.
Croft, D. B., 1999. When big is beautiful: some consequences of bias in kangaroo culling. Pp. 70-73 in ‘The kangaroo betrayed: world's largest wildlife slaughter’ ed. M. Wilson. Hill of Content Publishing Co., Melbourne.
Croft, D. B., 2000. Sustainable use of wildlife in western New South Wales: possibilities and problems. Rangeland Journal 22: 88-104.
Damm, G., in press Saving Africa's wildlife: a guide to the African renaissance in nature conservation.
Davis, R. K., 1995. Using markets to achieve wildlife conservation. Pp. 92-98 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Delcourt, P. A., Delcourt, H. R., 1998. Paleoecological insights on conservation of biodiversity: a focus on species, ecosystems, and landscapes. Ecological Applications 8: 921-934.
Diamond, J., 1999 Guns, germs and steel: the fates of human societies. W. W. Norton, New York.
Damm, G., in press. Saving Africa's wildlife: a guide to the African renaissance in nature conservation. Safari Club International, African Chapter, Rivonia (
Diaz, S., Cabido, M., 2001. Vive la difference: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 646-655.
Dickman, C., 1993. Raiders of the last ark. Australian Natural History 24: 44-52.
Diekman, B. (ed.), 1995 Sustainable use of wildlife: utopian dream or unrealistic nightmare? Proceedings of a Seminar on the Commercial Exploitation of Wildlife held at the Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, Sydney, 23-24 September, by the Nature Conservation Council of NSW Inc.
Ecological Society of Australia (ESA), 2001. Draft position statement on the sustainable commercial use of wildlife. (
Ehrlich, P. R., Ehrlich, A. H., 1996 Betrayal of science and reason: how anti-environmental rhetoric threatens our future. Island Press, Washington.
Ehrlich, P. R., Ehrlich, A. H., Daily, G. C., 1995 The stork and the plow: the equity answer to the human dilemma. G. P. Putnam's Sons, New York.
Environment Australia, Department of the Environment and Heritage Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD). 2000-Home Page
Faith, D. P., 2001. Overlap of species-richness and development-opportunity does not imply conflict. Science [online] (
Falkena, H., 2000 Bulls, bears and lions: game ranch profitability in southern Africa. South African Financial Sector Forum, Rovonia, South Africa.
Field, J., Dodson, J., 1999. Late Pleistocene megafauna and archaeology from Cuddie Springs, southeastern Australia. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 65: 275-301.
Flannery, T. F., 1990. Pleistocene faunal loss: implications of the aftershock for Australia's past and future. Archaeology in Oceania 25: 45-67.
Flannery, T. F., 1994 The future eaters: an ecological history of the Australasian lands and people. Reed Books, Sydney.
Francis, J., 1998. Australia: an environmental Riviera? Australian Farm Journal January: 67-68.
Graham, C., Hard, D., 1997 Prospects for the Australian native bushfood industry. Rural Industries Research & Development Corporation, Canberra.
Graham, R. W., Lundelius Jr, E. L., Graham, M. A., Schroeder, E. K., Toomey III, R. S., Anderson, E., Barnosky, A. D., Burns, J. A., Churcher, C. S., Grayson, D. K., Guthrie, R. D., Harington, C. R., Jefferson, G. T., Martin, L. D., McDonald, H. G., Morland, R. E., Semken Jr, H. A., Webb, S. D., Werdelin, L., Wilson, M. C., 1996. Spatial response of mammals to late Quaternary environmental fluctuations. Science 272: 1601-1606.
Grigg, G., 1984. Are kangaroos really under threat? Australian Natural History 21: 123-129.
Grigg, G., 1989. Kangaroo harvesting and the conservation of arid and semi-arid rangelands. Conservation Biology 3: 194-197.
Grigg, G., 1995. Kangaroo harvesting for conservation of rangelands, kangaroos…and graziers. Pp. 161-165 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. Centre for Conservation Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Grigg, G., Hale, P., Lunney, D. (eds), 1995 Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife. Centre for Conservation Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Hale, P., 2001. “Genetic effects of kangaroo harvesting”. July 2001 Meeting on Recent advances in scientific knowledge of kangaroos. University of New South Wales, Sydney.
Hasler, R., 1999 An overview of the social, ecological and economic achievements and challenges for Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE Programme. Evaluating Eden Series Discussion Paper No.3. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.
Holdgate, M., 1992. Can wildlife pay for itself? Royal Society of Arts London Symposium: http://www.
Holdgate, M., 1996 From care to action: making a sustainable world. Earthscan Publications Ltd, London.
Hood, J., 2001. Cats and kids: the good news and the bad news. The Veterinarian April 2001: 1.
Hopwood, P., 2001 Animal deliberations. Sporting Shooters Association of Australia, Sydney.
Horton, D., 2000 The pure state of nature: sacred cows, destructive myths and the environment. Allen & Unwin, Sydney.
Houston, D. B., Schreiner, E. E., 1995. Alien species in National Parks: drawing lines in space and time. Conservation Biology 9: 204-209.
Hoy, A., 2001. Cull of the wild. The Bulletin April: 34-36.
Humphries, D., 2001. Growing pains: population to hit 4.5 million eight years early. Sydney Morning Herald 7 Dec., 2001.
Hyde, K. W., 1998. The new rural industries - a handbook for farmers and investors. RIRDC, Canberra.
Isaacs, J., 1996 A companion guide to bush food. Lansdowne, Sydney.
IUCN, 1994. Species Survival Commission. A member's guide 1994-1996 Triennium. Annex 2. Terms of reference of IUCN/SSC Disciplinary Specialist Groups. International Union for the Conservation of Nature.
Jackson, S. T., Overpeck, J. T., 2000. Responses of plant populations and communities to environmental changes of the late Quaternary. Pp. 194-220 in ‘Deep Time: Paleobiology's perspective’ ed. D. H. Erwin, S. L. Wing. Paleobiology Supplement to Volume 26(4).
Jones, A., 2000. Environmental impacts, human population size, and related ecological issues. Pp. 1-16 in ‘Proceedings of the 10th Biennial Conference of the Australian Population Association Conference, Melbourne 2000. CD ISBN 0-9578572-0-9.
Jones, A., 2001. The Business Council of Australia's case for population growth: an ecological critique. People and Place 9: 49-56.
Jones, R., 1968. The geographical background to the arrival of man in Australia and Tasmania. Archives of Physical Anthropology in Oceania 3: 186-215.
King, F. W., 1988. Animal rights: a growing moral dilemma. Animal Kingdom 91: 33-35.
King, M., 1995. Sustainable use—a hunter's concept. Pp. 282-287 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Kiss, A. (ed.), 1990 Living with wildlife: wildlife resource management with local participation in Africa. World Bank Technical Paper 130, African Technical Department Series, The World Bank, Washington.
Knudson, R., 1999. Using the past to shape National Park Service policy for wildlife. The George Wright Forum 16: 40-51.
Lassak, E. V., McCarthy, T., 1983 Australian medicinal plants. Methuen, Sydney.
Latz, P., 1995 Bushfires and bushtucker: Aboriginal plant use in central Australia. IAD Press, Alice Springs.
Low, T., 1990 Bush medicine: a pharmacopoeia of natural remedies. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Low, T., 1991 Wild food plants of Australia. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Low, T., 1999 Feral futures. Viking, Melbourne.
Lowe, I., 1999. Ranging marsupials against mutton. New Scientist 3 May, Antipodes column.
Lunney, D., 1995. Kangaroo harvesting in the context of ecologically sustainable development (ESD) and biodiversity conservation. Pp. 166-175 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. Centre for Conservation Biology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Lunney, D., 2001. Causes of the extinction of native mammals of the Western Division of New South Wales: an ecological interpretation of the Nineteenth Century historical record. Rangelands Journal 23: 44-70.
Lunney, D., Pressey, B., Archer, M., Hand, S., Godthelp, H., Curtin, A., 1997. Integrating ecology and economics: illustrating the need to resolve the conflicts of space and time. Ecological Economics 23: 135-143.
Marks, S., 1994 The imperial lion: human dimensions of wildlife management in central Africa. Westview Press, Boulder.
Martin, R. B., 1994. Alternative approaches to sustainable use. What does and doesn't work. Workshop 3 on Sustainable use of Renewable Natural Resources. 19th Session of the IUCN General Assembly, Buenos Aires, Argentina, January 1994.
McDonald, H. G., Chure, D. J., 2001. The fossil record and contemporary problems in ecology: contributions from semi-deep time. Pp. 167-172 in ‘Proceedings of the 6th fossil resource conference’ ed. V. L. Santucci, L. McClelland. Geological Resources Division Technical Report NPS/NRGRD/GRDTR-01/01.
McGowran, B., Archer, M., Bock, P., Darragh, T. A., Godthelp, H., Hageman, S., Hand, S. J., Hill, R., Li, Q., Maxwell, P. A., McNamara, K. J., Macphail, M., Mildenhall, D., Partridge, A. D., Richardson, J., Shafik, S., Truswell, E. M., Warne, M., 2001. Australasian palaeobiogeography: the Palaeogene and Neogene record. Memoir of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 23: 405-470.
McLeod, S., 2001. “Alternative management strategies for harvesting kangaroos in the Murray Darling Basin”. July 2001 Meeting ‘Recent advances in scientific knowledge of kangaroos’ University of New South Wales, Sydney.
McNeely, J. A., 1988. Economics and biological diversity. Developing and using incentives to conserve biological resources. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Gland.
McNeil, R. J., McNeil, M. J., 1989. Ownership of traditional information: moral and legal obligations to compensate for taking. Northeast Indian Quaterly (Fall Issue): 30-35.
Merrilees, D., 1968. Man the destroyer: late Quaternary changes in the Australian marsupial fauna. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Western Australia 51: 1-24.
Nations, J. D., 1992. Xateros, chicleros, and pimenteros: harvesting renewable tropical forest resources in the Guatamala Peten. Pp. 208-219 in ‘Conservation of Neotropical forests: working from traditional resource use’ ed. K. H. Redford, C. Padoch. Columbia University Press, New York.
Paddle, R., 2000 The last Tasmanian Tiger: the history and extinction of the Thylacine. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Pain, S., 2000. My pet possum. New Scientist 166(2236): 40-43.
Pickard, J., 1990. Attitudes and environmental use and management in the forgotten seventy per cent of Australia. Australian Zoologist 26: 54-58. Anon., 1991.
Pople, A. R., Grigg, G. C., 1998. Commercial harvesting of kangaroos in Australia. Unpublished document prepared for Environment Australia, Canberra. Available at the WWW:
Pople, A. R., McLeod, S. R., 2000. Kangaroo management and the sustainable use of rangelands. Pp. 78-86 in ‘Management for sustainable ecosystems’ ed. P. T. Hale, A. Petrie, D. Moloney, P. Sattler. The University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.
Pratley, J., Robertson, A. (eds), 1998 Agriculture and the environmental imperative. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.
Pressey, R. L., 1995. Conservation reserves in New South Wales: crown jewels or leftovers? Search 26: 47-51.
Ramsay, B. J., 1994 Commercial use of wild animals in Australia. Bureau of Resource Sciences, Department of Primary Industries and Energy, Australian Government Publishing Services, Canberra.
Reithinger, R., 2001. Topical insecticides control Leishmania reservoir dogs. BioMedNet News and Comment (
Rifkin, J., 1991 Beyond beef: the rise and fall of the cattle culture. Penguin Press, New York.
Roberts, J., Fisher, C., Gibson, R., 1995 A guide to traditional Aboriginal rainforest plant use. Bamanga Bubu Ngadimunka Inc, Mossman.
Roberts, R. G., Flannery, T. F., Ayliffe, L. K., Yoshida, H., Olley, J. M., Prideaux, G. J., Laslett, G. M., Baynes, A., Smith, M. A., Jones, R., Smith, B. L., 2001. New ages for the last Australian megafauna: continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago. Science 292: 1888-1892.
Rolls, E., 2000 Australia: a biography. University of Queensland Press, Brisbane.
RSPCA, 1985 Incidence of cruelty to kangaroos. Report to Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra.
Sandall, R., 2001 The culture cult: designer tribalism and other essays. Westview Press, Boulder.
Sattler, P. S., 1995. The greater conservation gain from a ‘new’ kangaroo industry for the mulga lands: ecologically sustainable management. Pp. 176-185 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Singer, P., Dover, B., Newkirk, 1991 Save the animals: 101 easy things you can do. Angus & Robertson, Sydney.
Stewart, K., Percival, B., 1997 Bush foods of New South Wales: a botanic record and an Aboriginal oral history. Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney.
Swetham, T. W., Allen, C. D., Betancourt, J. L., 1999. Applied historical ecology: using the past to manage for the future. Ecological applications 9: 1189-1206.
Toyne, P., Farley, R., 2000 The decade of Landcare: looking backward - looking forward. Discussion Paper No. 30. Australia Institute, Deakin ACT.
Tunbridge, D., 1995. Aspects of Aboriginals’ traditional relationship to the environment. Pp. 35-44 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ ed. G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. The Centre for Conservation Biology, the University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Vasquez, S., 2001. A Quoll in the hand…. The Veterinarian September 2001: 10.
Viggers, K. L., Lindenmayer, D. B., 2002. Problems with keeping native Australian mammals as companion animals. Pp. xx-xx in (this volume). Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Warren, M., 1992. Indigenous knowledge, biodiversity conservation and development. Pp. 1-17 in ‘International conference on conservation of biodiversity in Africa: local initiatives and institutional roles’. National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi.
Webb, G. J. W., 1995. The links between wildlife conservation and sustainable use. Pp. 15-20 in ‘Conservation through sustainable use of wildlife’ eds G. C. Grigg, P. T. Hale, D. Lunney. Centre for Conservation Biology, University of Queensland, Brisbane.
White, M. E., 1997 Listen…our land is crying: Australia's environment: problems and solutions. Kangaroo Press, Sydney.
Williams, R., 2001 2001: a novel. Hodder Australia, Sydney.
Wilson, G. R., 1974. The management of kangaroos. Parks and Wildlife 1: 111-119.
Wilson, G. R., 1987. Cultural values, conservation and management legislation. Pp. 250-265 in ‘Fauna of Australia: general articles’ ed. G. R. Dyne, D. W. Walton. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Wilson, G. R., 1988. Improving the management of kangaroos. Australian Zoologist 24: 158-160.
Woinarski, J. C. Z., Milne, D. J., Wanganeen, G., 2001. Changes in mammal populations in relatively intact landscapes of Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia. Austral Ecology 26: 360-370.
Wroe, S., Field, J., 2001. Megafaunal mystery remains. Australasian Science 22: 21-25.
This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal