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The objective of this forum was to assess revolutionary conservation proposals that aspire to reform current constraints on using native fauna as a replacement for the traditional European models of land use. Gordon Grigg outlines the history of the ideas that underpin this radical proposal. Mike Archer argues that eating our native fauna is a better conservation option than the current paradigm of an English agricultural landscape that excludes native fauna and is composed almost entirely of introduced plant and animal species. The trade-off for the retirement of sheep from much of the land is that we consume kangaroo and other native species in order to create a market for indigenous products. Mike Archer and Paul Hopwood present and defend another contentious thesis, namely that native mammals should become pets, and thus provide Australians with the opportunity to get to know their own fauna. This proposal has its critics in Karen Viggers and David Lindenmayer, who address a long list of serious matters concerning the keeping of native mammals as companions. Penny Figgis presents her concern that Archer has overlooked the fundamental value of national parks as repositories of biodiversity in his grand vision of a wild landscape. Harry Recher's position is the most challenging. He remains concerned that these proposals do not address the fundamental problems of the land degradation crisis.

de Bono, E., 1991 Handbook for the Positive Revolution. Viking, London.
Duncan, A., Baker, G. B. and Montgomery, N. (eds) 1999 The Action Plan for Australian Bats. Environment Australia, Canberra.
Eby, P., Richards, G., Collins, L. and Parry-Jones, K. 1999. The distribution, abundance and vulnerability to population reduction of a nomadic nectarivore, the Grey-headed Flying-fox Pteropus poliocephalus in New South Wales, during a period of resource concentration. Australian Zoologist 31:240-53.
Grigg, G. C., Hale, P. T. and Lunney, D. (eds) 1995 Conservation Through the Sustainable use of Wildlife. Centre for Conservation Biology, University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Lunney, D. 1998. The role of national parks and nature reserves as a field for science. Pp. 140-49 in National parks: New Visions for a New Century, edited by P. Prineas. Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Sydney.
Lunney, D. 1999. A changing land-use ethic: the inheritance and the legacy. Habitat 27 (6):19.
Lunney, D. 2001. Causes of the extinction of native mammals of the Western Division of New South Wales: an ecological interpretation of the nineteenth century historical record. Rangeland Journal 23:44-70.
Lunney, D. and Grigg, G. (eds) 1988 Kangaroo harvesting and the conservation of arid and semiarid lands. Special Edition of Australian Zoologist 24:121-93.
Lunney, D., and Leary, T. 1988. The impact on native mammals of land-use changes and exotic species in the Bega District (New South Wales) since settlement. Australian Journal of Ecology 13:67-92.
Lunney, D. and Moon, C., 1997. Flying foxes and their camps in the remnant rainforests of northeastern New South Wales. Pp. 247-77 in Australia's Ever Changing Forests III, edited by J. Dargavel. CRES, Canberra.
Lunney, D., Curtin, A. L., Ayers, D., Cogger, H. G., Dickman, C. R., Maitz, W., Law, B. and Fisher, D. 2000a. The threatened and non-threatened native vertebrate fauna of New South Wales: status and ecological attributes. Environmental and Heritage Monograph Series No. 4. Pp. 1-132. National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW), Hurstville.
Lunney, D., Dawson, L. and Law, B. 2000b. A fauna survey of the Sydney Olympics: the media profile and its symbolic significance. Australian Zoologist 31:417-20.
Margules, C. R. and Pressey, R. L. 2000. Systematic conservation planning. Nature 405:243-53.
Noble, J. 2001. Guest editorial to Special Issue, Centenary Symposium. Rangeland Journal 23:3-4.
Ponder, W. and Lunney, D. (eds) 1999 The Other 99%. The Conservation and Biodiversity of Invertebrates. Pp. 1-460. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman.
Quinn, M. 2001. Rights to the rangelands: European contests of possession in the early 20th century. Rangeland Journal 23:15-24.
Recher, H. F. 1999. The state of Australia's avifauna: a personal opinion and prediction for the new millennium. Australian Zoologist 31:11-27.
Schwarz, M. P. and Hogendoorn, K. 1999. Biodiversity and conservation of Australian native bees. Pp. 388-93 in The Other 99%. The Conservation and Biodiversity of Invertebrates, edited by W. Ponder and D. Lunney. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman.
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References

de Bono, E., 1991 Handbook for the Positive Revolution. Viking, London.
Duncan, A., Baker, G. B. and Montgomery, N. (eds) 1999 The Action Plan for Australian Bats. Environment Australia, Canberra.
Eby, P., Richards, G., Collins, L. and Parry-Jones, K. 1999. The distribution, abundance and vulnerability to population reduction of a nomadic nectarivore, the Grey-headed Flying-fox Pteropus poliocephalus in New South Wales, during a period of resource concentration. Australian Zoologist 31:240-53.
Grigg, G. C., Hale, P. T. and Lunney, D. (eds) 1995 Conservation Through the Sustainable use of Wildlife. Centre for Conservation Biology, University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Lunney, D. 1998. The role of national parks and nature reserves as a field for science. Pp. 140-49 in National parks: New Visions for a New Century, edited by P. Prineas. Nature Conservation Council of NSW, Sydney.
Lunney, D. 1999. A changing land-use ethic: the inheritance and the legacy. Habitat 27 (6):19.
Lunney, D. 2001. Causes of the extinction of native mammals of the Western Division of New South Wales: an ecological interpretation of the nineteenth century historical record. Rangeland Journal 23:44-70.
Lunney, D. and Grigg, G. (eds) 1988 Kangaroo harvesting and the conservation of arid and semiarid lands. Special Edition of Australian Zoologist 24:121-93.
Lunney, D., and Leary, T. 1988. The impact on native mammals of land-use changes and exotic species in the Bega District (New South Wales) since settlement. Australian Journal of Ecology 13:67-92.
Lunney, D. and Moon, C., 1997. Flying foxes and their camps in the remnant rainforests of northeastern New South Wales. Pp. 247-77 in Australia's Ever Changing Forests III, edited by J. Dargavel. CRES, Canberra.
Lunney, D., Curtin, A. L., Ayers, D., Cogger, H. G., Dickman, C. R., Maitz, W., Law, B. and Fisher, D. 2000a. The threatened and non-threatened native vertebrate fauna of New South Wales: status and ecological attributes. Environmental and Heritage Monograph Series No. 4. Pp. 1-132. National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW), Hurstville.
Lunney, D., Dawson, L. and Law, B. 2000b. A fauna survey of the Sydney Olympics: the media profile and its symbolic significance. Australian Zoologist 31:417-20.
Margules, C. R. and Pressey, R. L. 2000. Systematic conservation planning. Nature 405:243-53.
Noble, J. 2001. Guest editorial to Special Issue, Centenary Symposium. Rangeland Journal 23:3-4.
Ponder, W. and Lunney, D. (eds) 1999 The Other 99%. The Conservation and Biodiversity of Invertebrates. Pp. 1-460. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman.
Quinn, M. 2001. Rights to the rangelands: European contests of possession in the early 20th century. Rangeland Journal 23:15-24.
Recher, H. F. 1999. The state of Australia's avifauna: a personal opinion and prediction for the new millennium. Australian Zoologist 31:11-27.
Schwarz, M. P. and Hogendoorn, K. 1999. Biodiversity and conservation of Australian native bees. Pp. 388-93 in The Other 99%. The Conservation and Biodiversity of Invertebrates, edited by W. Ponder and D. Lunney. Transactions of the Royal Zoological Society of NSW, Mosman.
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