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On 4 May 2001, the NSW Scientific Committee made a Final Determination to list the Grey-headed Flying-fox Pteropus poliocephalus as a Vulnerable species in New South Wales on Schedule 2 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act. The Committee made this determination because, in its view, the species ‘is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances and factors threatening its survival or evolutionary development cease to operate’ (TSC Act, Section 14). In this paper we first describe the procedures for nominating species for inclusion on the Schedules of the TSC Act and the role of the Scientific Committee in the assessment and listing process. We then chronicle the steps taken in the listing of the Grey-headed Flying-fox, and briefly review the evidence on which listing was based. This evidence included data on the overall decline in numbers of the Grey-headed Flying-fox in New South Wales, numerical declines at regularly-visited camps, continuing loss of habitat, and culling. Listing the Grey-headed Flying-fox as a Vulnerable species triggers the need for preparation of a Recovery Plan. By having regard to the biological, social and economic consequences of making the plan, it should be possible to obtain broad participation of stakeholders to achieve effective species recovery.

References cited in the text and used in the Final Determination are given in Appendix 1. Others are given below.
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