A clash of Paradigms: Community and research-based conservation
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S. V. Briggs, 2002. "Integrating people and nature for landscape conservation", A clash of Paradigms: Community and research-based conservation, Daniel Lunney, Chris Dickman, Shelley Burgin
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There are two philosophies about relationships between humans and nature, anthropocentric and ecocentric. Societies holding an anthropocentric view consider humans and nature to be separate. In contrast, societies with an ecocentric philosophy view humans as an integral part of nature. Conservation is a major concern of modern societies. Loss of populations, sometimes of species, and degradation of other natural resources are large issues. Anthropocentric views which keep nature and humans apart and remove conservation from mainstream society are not going to provide the basis for conservation into the 21st century. We have to integrate people and nature, and involve people in conservation across landscapes within and outside parks and reserves. This will require working with local people, understanding cultural factors, sharing knowledge and power, and developing and applying stewardship arrangements including incentives for conservation on private and leasehold land.